About this tool

Copyright notice

The BeeMD website is hosted at idtools.org through a cooperative relationship between USDA APHIS Identification Technology Program (ITP) and the Pollinator Partnership (P2). Content in The BeeMD comes from several sources; some was transferred from the site's previous home at pollinator.org, and the rest through collaboration with ITP.

Some of the content in this site is in the public domain and as such may be freely distributed or copied. However, we ask that appropriate acknowledgment be given to the authors, Pollinator Partnership, and USDA APHIS PPQ ITP if information or images from The BeeMD are used elsewhere. However, this site includes content, particularly images, created by other individuals or institutions, that may be protected by copyright. Where this content is copyrighted, users must seek permission from the appropriate copyright owners to use this material and should properly credit them. Please contact us if you would like to use this tool's information or images so we can provide guidance as to their copyright status.

Suggested website citation

Caron DM, Hart J, Scher J, and Redford A, 2023. The BeeMD. USDA APHIS PPQ Identification Technology Program (ITP) and Pollinator Partnership, Fort Collins, CO. [date of access] 

Image citation

The images in this site are from a variety of sources and are credited within individual image captions.

Home page images (from left to right):

  • Small hive beetles seen among the bees, by Dewey M. Caron, Pollinator Partnership
  • Large commercial apiaryapiary:
    a place where beehives and beekeeping equipment are located; also called a bee yard. An out-apiary is a site away from the owner’s residence.
    experiencing dearth conditions, by Dewey M. Caron, Pollinator Partnership
  • An aged worker bee with tattered wings foraging, courtesy of The BeeMD photo collection
  • Trophallaxis occurring at the colony entrance, courtesy of The BeeMD photo collection
  • Swarm clustered in a holly tree, by Elaine Timm


While the authors have made every effort to provide accurate information in The BeeMD, the authors, P2, and USDA APHIS PPQ specifically disclaim all legal liability with respect to the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information contained herein. The authors and associated institutions shall assume no legal liability for any damages, including direct, indirect, consequential, compensatory, special, punitive, or incidental damages arising from or relating to the use of The BeeMD or the information and materials provided by or linked from The BeeMD. The findings and conclusions in this website have not been formally disseminated by the USDA and should not be construed to represent agency determination or policy.

Some web pages in this site provide links to external sites for the convenience of the users. The authors, P2, and USDA APHIS PPQ are not responsible for the availability or content of these external sites, nor do the authors, P2, or USDA APHIS PPQ endorse or warrant the products, services, or information described or offered by these sites.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination against its customers, employees, and applicants for employment on the bases of race, color, national origin, age, disability, sex, gender identity, religion, reprisal, and where applicable, political beliefs, marital status, familial or parental status, sexual orientation, or all or part of an individual’s income is derived from any public assistance program, or protected genetic information in employment or in any program or activity conducted or funded by the Department. (Not all prohibited bases will apply to all programs and/or employment activities.)

Mention of companies or commercial products does not imply recommendation or endorsement by the USDA over others not mentioned. USDA neither guarantees nor warrants the standard of any product mentioned. Product names are mentioned solely to report factually on available data and to provide specific information. The findings and conclusions in this website have not been formally disseminated by the USDA and should not be construed to represent agency determination or policy.