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CAPS Non-target - Adult

Argyrotaenia quercifoliana (Fitch) (Tortricidae: Tortricinae: Archipini)

Synonyms: trifurculana (Tortrix)

Fig. 1: Male

Fig. 1: Male

Fig. 2: Female

Fig. 2: Female

Fig. 3: Male genitalia

Fig. 3: Male genitalia

Fig. 4: Female genitalia

Fig. 4: Female genitalia

Adult Recognition

FWL: 7.5-9.5 mm (male); 9.0-11.5 mm (female)

Forewings are pale yellow with brown to light-brown reticulated markings. Most specimens have two brown fascial remnants that form parallel lines from costa to dorsum. Hindwings are white. Males lack a forewing costal fold.

Adults of Argyrotaenia quadrifasciana may appear similar to those of A. quercifoliana. The two species can be distinguished by forewing color: bright yellow in A. quadrifasciana versus pale yellow in A. quercifoliana. In addition, the hindwings of A. quercifoliana are white, while those of A. quadrifasciana are dark brown or golden brown.

According to Freeman (1944), some individuals of A. quercifoliana exhibit a solid patch of light brown on the forewing and resemble A. alisellana.


Adults are present in May through July. Larvae feed on leaves of oak and various other hosts. Full life history information for this species has not been reported.

Host plants

In addition to oak, Argyrotaenia quercifoliana has been recorded feeding on trees in several other families.

Family Genus/species Common name
Aceraceae Acer spicatum Lam. mountain maple
Anacardiaceae Rhus L. sumac
Fagaceae Quercus alba L. white oak
Fagaceae Quercus macrocarpa Michx. bur oak
Fagaceae Quercus palustris Munchh. pin oak
Fagaceae Quercus rubra L. red oak
Fagaceae Quercus velutina Lam. black oak
Fagaceae Quercus L. oak
Hamamelidaceae Hamamelis virginiana L. American witchhazel
Hamamelidaceae Hamamelis L. witchhazel
Rhamnaceae Rhamnus cathartica L. common buckthorn
Rhamnaceae Rhamnus L. buckthorn
Rosaceae Malus Mill. apple
Rosaceae Rubus L. blackberry


Argyrotaenia quercifoliana is widely distributed in eastern North America from southern Canada to Florida.


Freeman, T. N. 1944. A review of the North American species of the genus Argyrotaenia Stephens (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae). Scientific Agriculture. 25: 81-94.

Freeman, T. N. 1958. The Archipinae of North America (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). The Canadian Entomologist Supplement 7 (Vol. 90): 1-89.

Tortricids of Agricultural Importance by Todd M. Gilligan and Marc E. Epstein
Interactive Keys developed in Lucid 3.5. Last updated August 2014.