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General References

NOTE: Species-specific references are included at the bottom of each fact sheet and are not listed here.

Adamski, D. and J. W. Brown. 2001. Systematic revision of the Ecdytolopha group of genera (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae: Grapholitini) in the New World. Entomologica Scandinavica Supplement 58. 86 pp.

Baixeras, J., J. W. Brown and T. M. Gilligan. 2008. T@RTS: Online World Catalogue of the Tortricidae (Version 1.2.1).

Bradley, J. D., W. G. Tremewan and A. Smith. 1973. British Tortricoid Moths, Cochylidae and Tortricidae: Tortricinae. The Ray Society, London. 251 pp.

Bradley, J. D., W. G. Tremewan and A. Smith. 1979. British Tortricoid Moths, Tortricidae: Olethreutinae. The Ray Society, London. 336 pp.

Brown, J. W. 2005. Tortricidae (Lepidoptera) In World Catalogue of Insects 5:1-741. Apollo Books, Stenstrup, Denmark.

Brown, J. W., G. Robinson and J. A. Powell. 2008. Food plant database of the leafrollers of the world (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) (Version 1.0.0).

Brown, R. L. 1987. Tortricidae (Tortricoidea), pp. 419-433. In Stehr, F. W. (ed.), Immature Insects. Kendall/Hunt, Dubuque, Iowa.

Common, I. F. B. 1990. Moths of Australia. Melbourne University Publishing. 535 pp.

Diakonoff, A. 1973. The Southeast Asia Olethreutini (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae). Zoologische Monographieen van het Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie, No. 1, Leiden. E. J. Brill. 700 pp.

Freeman, T. N. 1944. A review of the North American species of the genus Argyrotaenia Stephens (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae). Scientific Agriculture. 25: 81-94.

Freeman, T. N. 1958. The Archipinae of North America (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). The Canadian Entomologist Supplement 7 (Vol. 90): 1-89.

Gilligan, T. M., D. J. Wright and L. D. Gibson. 2008. Olethreutine moths of the midwestern United States, an identification guide. Ohio Biological Survey, Columbus, Ohio. 334 pp.

Heinrich, C. 1923a. Revision of the North American moths of the subfamily Eucosminae of the family Olethreutidae. Bull. U.S. natn. Mus. 123:1-298.

Heinrich, C. 1926. Revision of the North American moths of the subfamilies Laspeyresiinae and Olethreutinae. Bull. U.S. natn. Mus. 132:1-216.

Horak, M. 1984. Assessment of taxonomically significant structures in Tortricinae (Lep., Tortricidae). Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft. 57: 3-64.

Horak, M. 1991. Morphology, pp. 1-22. In van der Geest, L. P. S. and H. H. Evenhuis (eds.), Tortricid Pests: Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Horak, M. 1998. The Tortricoidea, pp. 199-215. In N. P. Kristensen (ed.), Handbook of Zoology, Lepidoptera, Moths and Butterflies, Vol 1: Evolution, Systematics, and Biogeography. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York.

Horak, M. 2006. Olethreutine moths of Australia (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Monographs on Australian Lepidoptera, Vol. 10. 522 pp.

Horak, M. and R. L. Brown. 1991. Taxonomy and phylogeny, pp. 23-50. In van der Geest, L. P. S. and H. H. Evenhuis (eds.), Tortricid Pests: Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Komai, F. 1999. A taxonomic review of the genus Grapholita and allied genera (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) in the Palaearctic region. Entomologica Scandinavica Supplement 55. 226 pp.

MacKay, M. R. 1959. Larvae of the North American Olethreutidae (Lepidoptera). Canadian Entomologist Supplement 10: 1-338.

MacKay, M. R. 1962. Larvae of the North American Tortricinae (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). The Canadian Entomologist Supplement 28: 1-182.

Miller, W. E. 1987. Guide to the Olethreutine moths of midland North America (Tortricidae). USDA Forest Service Agriculture Handbook 660:1-104.

Obraztsov, N. S. 1955-1958. The genera of the Palearctic Tortricidae. Part I. General classification of the family, and the subfamilies Tortricinae and Sparganothinae. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie. 97: 141-231, 98: 147-228 (1955); 99: 107-154 (1956); 100: 309-347 (1958).

Powell, J. A. 1964. Biological and taxonomic studies on tortricine moths, with reference to the species in California. University of California Publications in Entomology. Vol. 32. 317 pp.

Powell, J. A. 1983. Tortricidae, pp. 31-41. In Hodges, R. W. et al. (eds.). Check list of the Lepidoptera of America north of Mexico. E. W. Classey and Wedge Entomological Research Foundation. London, England.

Powell, J. A. 1986. Synopsis of the classification of Neotropical Tortricidae, with descriptions of new genera and species (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist. 62: 372-398.

Powell, J. A., J. Razowski and J. W. Brown. 1995. Tortricidae: Tortricinae, Chlidanotinae, pp. 138-151. In Heppner, J. B. (ed.), Atlas of Neotropical Lepidoptera, Checklist Part II: Hyblaeoidea - Pyraloidea - Tortricoidea. Association for Tropical Lepidoptera, Scientific Publishers, Gainesville, FL.

Razowski, J. 1987. The genera of Tortricidae (Lepidoptera). Part 1. Palearctic Chlidanotinae and Tortricinae. Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia. 30: 141-355.

Razowski, J. 2002. Tortricidae of Europe, Vol. 1, Tortricinae and Chlidanotinae. Frantisek Slamka, Slovakia. 247 pp.

Razowski, J. 2003. Tortricidae of Europe, Vol. 2, Olethreutinae. Frantisek Slamka, Slovakia. 301 pp.

Razowski, J. 2008. Tortricidae of the Palaearctic region, Vol. 1, Tortricini and general part. Frantisek Slamka, Slovakia. 152 pp.

Razowski, J. 2009. Tortricidae (Lepidoptera) of the Palaearctic Region, Vol. 2, Cochylini. Frantisek Slamka, Slovakia. 195 pp.

Swatschek, B. 1958. Die larval systematik der wickler (Tortricidae and Carposinidae) aus dem zoologischen Institut der Universitat Erlangen. Akademie-Verlag, Berlin. 269 pp. [Abhandlungen zur larvalsystematik Insekten 3.]

van der Geest, L. P. S. and H. H. Evenhuis (eds.), Tortricid Pests: Their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control. Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. 808 pp.

  Tortricids of Agricultural Importance by Todd M. Gilligan and Marc E. Epstein
   Interactive Keys developed in Lucid 3.5. Last updated August 2014.