Paraputo odontomachi (Takahashi)



Field characters

We have been unable to locate a description of the field characteristics of this species in the literature. Based on characteristics of slide-mounted adult female: Body round; ovisac absent from dorsum and poorly developed or absent on venter; 17 pairs of thick lateral filaments, posterior pair only sightly longer than others, surrounding body margin; body covered by thick white mealy secretion. Probably on all above parts of host, reported on fruit.

Validation characters

Ventrolateral areas of abdomen each with sclerotized area; anal ring with 12 to 16 setae; ostioles large, conspicuous; 17 pairs of cerarii; most cerarii with 2 conical setae; ventral multilocular disk pores absent from segment VIII, present on segments VI and VII, sometimes present on segment IV and V; ventral oral-collar tubular ducts present in marginal areas of segment VII, in medial areas of segments V and sometimes VI; translucent pores on hind coxa, femur, and tibia.


Paraputo odontomachi is an unusual species of Paraputo because it has 2 conical setae in most cerarii and has more than 6 anal ring setae. It is placed in the genus because of the ventrolateral sclerotized areas on the abdomen; the large sclerotized area on the ventral anal lobe; the conspicuous ostioles; and the anal ring is placed at least its diameter from the posterior end of the abdomen.

U.S. quarantine notes

This species was intercepted 13 times at U. S. ports-of-entry between 1995 and 2012, with specimens originating from Cambodia, and Vietnam. We also have examined specimens taken at U. S. ports-of-entry from India, Indonesia, Malaysia, The Philippines, Singapore, and Vietnam on Garcinia. ScaleNet lists the species in the Clusiaceae, Crypteroniaceae, Elaeocarpaceae, Euphorbiaceae and Rubiaceae, and distribution records include countries in the Oriental zoogeographic region only. Several other species of Paraputo (formerly Cataenococcus) other than P. guatemalensis (Ferris), P. odontomachi and P. olivaceus (Cockerell) have been taken at U. S. ports-of-entry including: P. carnosae (Takahashi) (Malaysia, on ferns); P. ingrandi Balachowsky (Mexico, Guatemala, Colombia, El Salvador, on several hosts); P. larai Williams (Costa Rica and Colombia, on Cecropia); P. leveri (Green) (Fiji, on Calocasia); P. pandanicola Williams (Indonesia, on Pandanus fruit); P. malaccensis (Takahashi); and P. theaecola (Green) (India, on Cucurma, Hedychium, and Zantesdechia).

Important references


Scalenet catalog and citation list

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  Paraputo odontomachi   Illustration by Douglas Williams

Paraputo odontomachi
Illustration by Douglas Williams

  Paraputo odontomachi

Paraputo odontomachi