Copyright notice

The content on this site is in the public domain except where otherwise indicated. However, we ask that appropriate acknowledgement is given to the authors, USDA APHIS ITP, Michigan State University, and other participating institutions if the information and figures from SE Asian Ambrosia Beetle ID is used elsewhere.

This site also includes content created by other individuals or institutions. Where this content is copyrighted, it should be properly credited, and users must seek permission from the appropriate copyright owners to use this material.

Suggested citation

Smith, S.M., R.A. Beaver, A.I. Cognato, J. Hulcr, A.J. Redford. 2019. Southeast Asian Ambrosia Beetle ID. USDA APHIS Identification Technology Program (ITP) and Michigan State University. Fort Collins, CO. [date of access] <>

Image credits

Images on the home page were taken by C.-S. Lin (in Taiwan) and You Li.

You can find and obtain permission to use images produced specifically for the tool at the Bugwood ITP Node.


Even though we have made every effort to provide accurate and updated information, the authors and institutions involved specifically disclaim all legal liability with respect to the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information contained in SE Asian Ambrosia Beetle ID. The authors and the institutions involved shall assume no legal liability for any damages, including direct, indirect, consequential, compensatory, special, punitive, or incidental damages arising from or relating to the use of SE Asian Ambrosia Beetle ID or the information and materials provided by or linked to from SE Asian Ambrosia Beetle ID.

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Mention of companies or commercial products does not imply recommendation or endorsement by the USDA over others not mentioned. USDA neither guarantees nor warrants the standard of any product mentioned. Product names are mentioned solely to report factually on available data and to provide specific information. The findings and conclusions in this website have not been formally disseminated by the USDA and should not be construed to represent agency determination or policy.