About this keycopyright, citation, and disclaimers
The content on this site was created by the USDA Agricultural Research Service Systematic Entomology Laboratory and is hosted by USDA APHIS Identification Technology
Program (ITP). The content is in the public domain except where otherwise indicated. However, we ask
that appropriate acknowledgement is given to the authors, USDA ARS SEL, and USDA APHIS ITP if the
information and figures from Key to Commonly Intercepted Aspidiotini is used elsewhere.
Schneider SA, Fizdale M, and Normark BB. 2019.
Key to Commonly Intercepted Aspidiotini (Hemiptera: Diaspididae). USDA ARS Systematic Entomology Laboratory and USDA APHIS Identification Technology Program (ITP). Fort Collins, CO.
[date of access] <https://idtools.org/id/scales/aspidiotini/about_index.php>
Schneider SA, Fizdale MA, Normark BB. 2019. An online interactive identification key to common pest species of Aspidiotini (Hemiptera, Coccomorpha, Diaspididae), version 1.0. ZooKeys 867: 87–96. https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.867.34937. (PDF)
Taina Litwak (USDA ARS SEL) is credited for the illustrations, and the photographs are by Scott Schneider (USDA ARS SEL) and Nate Hardy (Auburn University).
This key does not include all taxa in the group. Therefore, there is
a chance that a species that is not represented in the tool will key out as one
that is (a false positive identification). For this reason, identifications should
always be checked against information on the species pages and compared with
authoritatively identified reference specimens for further assessment.
Even though we have made every effort to provide accurate and updated information,
the authors, USDA ARS, and USDA APHIS ITP specifically disclaim all legal liability with respect
to the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information contained in Key to Commonly Intercepted Aspidiotini. The
authors and the institutions involved shall assume no legal liability for any
damages, including direct, indirect, consequential, compensatory, special,
punitive, or incidental damages arising from or relating to the use of Key to Commonly Intercepted Aspidiotini or the information and materials provided by or linked to from Key to Commonly Intercepted Aspidiotini.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination against its customers,
employees, and applicants for employment on the bases of race, color, national origin,
age, disability, sex, gender identity, religion, reprisal, and where applicable, political
beliefs, marital status, familial or parental status, sexual orientation, or all or part
of an individual’s income is derived from any public assistance program, or protected
genetic information in employment or in any program or activity conducted or funded by
the Department. (Not all prohibited bases will apply to all programs and/or employment activities.)
Mention of companies or commercial products does not imply recommendation or endorsement
by the USDA over others not mentioned. USDA neither guarantees nor warrants the standard
of any product mentioned. Product names are mentioned solely to report factually on
available data and to provide specific information.