Family common name: stem sawflies
Subfamilies: Athetocephinae, Australcephinae, Cephinae
The family Cephidae are known as the stem sawflies because of their larval habit of boring into stems of various plants (Smith and Middlekauff 1987). They are easily recognized by slender, elongated bodies and missing cenchri (Middlekauff 1969). This family includes some economically significant pests of wheat crops (Smith and Middlekauff 1987).
In North America, Cephidae feeds on species in the families Poaceae, Rosaceae, and Adoxaceae (Goulet 1992).
Cephidae sawflies bore into stems of the host plant, creating galleries in which they usually pupate. The sawflies of the subfamily Cephinae are often pests because they girdle stems of economically important grass crops, such as wheat and barley (Smith and Middlekauff 1987).
North America: Cephidae is most common in the northeastern United States and the Great Lakes region, though species occur throughout the United States and most of Canada (Middlekauff 1969, Goulet 1992).