Name and publication
Phytophthora megasperma Dreschsler (1931)
Drechsler CA. 1931. A crown rot of hollyhock caused by Phytophthora megasperma n. sp. Journal of the Washington Academy of Science 21: 513–526.
= Pythiomorpha miyabeana S. Ito & Nagai, Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture of the Hokkaido Imperial University 32: 50 (1931) [MB271435]
= Phytophthora megasperma var. megasperma (1931) [MB429060]
from Drechsler (1931)
Type: UNITED STATES, isolated from Althaea rosea Cav. (hollyhock) family Malvaceae, collected in a garden of District of Columbia (Washington DC.), and submitted to the U.S. Department of Agriculture on May 15, 1931, causing destructive decay to the host according to Drechsler, C.A. in original paper, IMI 32035 (HerbIMI)
Ex-type: CBS 402.72
Ex-type in other collections
Voucher sequences for barcoding genes (ITS rDNA and COI) of the ex-type (see Molecular protocols page)
Sequences for ex-type in other sources
- NCBI: Phytophthora megasperma CPHST BL 43
- NCBI: Phytophthora megasperma P6957
- NCBI: Phytophthora megasperma CBS 402.72 28S
- Phytophthora Database: Phytophthora megaperma
- EPPO-Q-bank: Phytophthora megasperma CBS 402.72
- BOLDSYSTEMS: Phytophthora megasperma (barcoding COI & ITS)
Position in ITS phylogenetic tree
Colonies and cardinal temperatures
Colony morphology after 7 days of growth on potato dextrose agar, V8 agar, and malt extract agar with no distinct pattern. Minimum growth temperature 3°C; optimum 18°C, and maximum 27°C.
Sporangia nonpapillated; persistent; elongated, obpyriform, limoniform, or distorted shapes (48–99 L x 29–46 W µm), some with tapered base; with external and internal in extended and nested proliferation; originated in unbranched sporangiophores. Hyphal swellings globose, subglobose to elongated with radiating hyphae. Chlamydospores absent.
Most typical characters
Phytophthora megasperma is characterized by the presence of sporangia nonpapillated with internal extended and nested proliferation and the predominantly paragynous antheridia, as well as the shape of the hyphal swellings.
Phytophthora megasperma ex-type CPHST BL 43, duplicate of P6957 = P3599 (World Phytophthora Collection)
Hosts and distribution
Substrate: all plant parts, depending on host
Disease note: root rot, also crown rot, storage rot, seedling damping-off, fruit rot, foot rot, stem canker, tuber rot, collar rot, sudden wilt, apoplexy, stunting, chlorosis, depending on host (see Erwin & Ribeiro 1996)
Host: On Fabaceae, isolates previously referred to as P. megasperma are now considered to be three distinct species.
Retrieved January 31, 2018 from U.S. National Fungus Collections Nomenclature Database.
Distribution: USA (CA), Bulgaria, Taiwan
Additional references and links
- Phytophthora DATABASE: Phytophthora megasperma
- EPPO-Q-bank: Phytophthora megasperma
- SMML USDA-ARS: Phytophthora megasperma
- EPPO Global Database: Phytophthora megasperma
- Forest Phytophthora of the world: Phytophthora megasperma
- CABI Invasive Species Compendium: Phytophthora megasperma
- Encyclopedia of Life (EOL): Phytophthora megasperma
- Index Fungorum (IF): Phytophthora megasperma
- Plantwise Knowledge Bank: Phytophthora megasperma
- Google All Phytophthora megasperma
- Google Images Phytophthora megasperma
- Google Scholar Phytophthora megasperma
Fact sheet author
Z. Gloria Abad, Ph.D., USDA-APHIS-PPQ-S&T Beltsville Laboratory, United States of America