Phytophthora rhizophorae

Name and publication

Phytophthora rhizophorae Pires-Zottar, Jesus & Marano (2016)

Marano, Jesus AL, & Pires-Zottar. 2016. Phytophthora rhizophorae. Fungal Diversity 78: 196. in Li GJ, Hyde KD, and Zhao RL. et al. Fungal Diversity (2016) 78: 1. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13225-016-0366-9

Corresponding author: agosvm@hotmail.com

Nomenclature

Index Fungorum

IF 551607

Faces of fungi

FoF 01274

Etymology

refers to Rhizophora mangle, the substrate from where this species was isolated

Typification

Type: BRAZIL, São Paulo, Cananéia,”Parque Estadual da Ilha do Cardoso” (PEIC), 25°03′05″– 25°18′18″S; 47°53′48″–48°05′42″W, Perequê river (salinity 0.8 %), from leaves of Rhizophora mangle, on Sorghum sp. seeds, 30 Aug 2012, A.L. Jesus, C.L.A. Pires-Zottarelli & A.V. Marano (SP 466375, holotype)

Ex-type: CCIBt 4152, MMBF 09/15

Sequences of ex-type in original manuscript: Phytophthora sp. GHJ-2016a voucher CCIBt 4152 ITS rDNA KT886031, nrLSU KT886028

Paratype: Idem (SP 466374)

Ex-paratypes: CCIBt 4121, MMBF 08/15

Ex-type in other collections

CCIBt 4152, MMBF 09/15

Molecular identification

Voucher sequences for barcoding genes (ITS rDNA and COI) of the ex-type (see Molecular protocols page)

Phytophthora sp. GHJ-2016a voucher CCIBt 4152 ITS rDNA KT886031

Sequences for ex-type in other sources
  • NCBI: Phytophthora sp. CCIBt 4152
  • Phytophthora Database: Phytophthora rhizophorae
  • EPPO-Q-bank: Phytophthora rhizophorae
  • BOLDSYSTEMS: Phytophthora rhizophorae (barcoding COI & ITS)
Position in ITS phylogenetic tree

Clade 9

Morphological identification

adapted from Marano et al. (2016)

Colonies and cardinal temperatures

Colony morphology petaloid in PYGs culture medium. Optimum growth temperature 30°C and maximum 35°C.

Asexual phase

Sporangia nonpapillated or semipapillate; persistent; ovoid to obpyriform (35–58 μm long x 20–45 μm wide); basal plug present; internal (nested and extended) proliferation; sporangia produced in unbranched sporangiophores. Hyphal swellings spherical, globose, tubular, obpyriform to irregular shape. Chlamydospores absent.

NOTE: Additional vesicle in sporangia has not been observed in Phytophthora.

Sexual phase

Sterile.

Hosts and distribution

Distribution: South America (Brazil)
Substrate: leaves, seeds
Host: Rhizophora mangle (Rhizophoraceae), Sorghum sp. (Poaceae)

Retrieved June 28, 2018 from U.S. National Fungus Collections Nomenclature Database.

Additional references and links

  • Phytophthora DATABASE: Phytophthora rhizophorae
  • EPPO-Q-bank: Phytophthora rhizophorae
  • SMML USDA-ARS: Phytophthora rhizophorae
  • EPPO Global Database: Phytophthora rhizophorae
  • Forest Phytophthora of the world: Phytophthora rhizophorae
  • CABI Invasive Species Compendium: Phytophthora rhizophorae
  • Encyclopedia of Life (EOL):  Phytophthora rhizophorae
  • Index Fungorum (IF):  Phytophthora rhizophorae
  • Plantwise Knowledge Bank:  Phytophthora rhizophorae

Fact sheet author

Z. Gloria Abad, Ph.D., USDA-APHIS-PPQ-S&T Beltsville Laboratory, United States of America