Phytophthora estuarina

Name and publication

Phytophthora estuarina Marano, Jesus & Pires-Zottar (2016)

Marano AL, Jesus & Pires-Zottar. 2016. Phytophthora estuarina. in Fungal Diversity 78: 194. Li GJ, Hyde KD, Zhao RL, et al. Fungal Diversity (2016) 78: 1. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13225-016-0366-9

Corresponding author: agosvm@hotmail.com

Nomenclature

from Marano et al. (2016)

Mycobank

MB551608

Index Fungorum

IF 551608

Faces of Fungi

FoF 01275

Etymology

refers to the estuarine habitat in where this species was isolated

Typification

Type: BRAZIL, São Paulo, Cananéia, B Parque Estadual da Ilha do Cardoso^ (PEIC), 25°03′05″– 25°18′18″S; 47°53′48″–48°05′42″W, Perequê river (salinity 1.3 %), from leaves of Laguncularia racemosa onto PYGs medium, 27 Feb 2013, A.L. Jesus, C.L.A. Pires-Zottarelli & A.V. Marano (SP 466380, holotype). Is this a valid species. No code of herbaria collection is referred in the manuscript.

Ex-types: CCIBt 4157, MMBF 14/15

Sequences of ex-type in original manuscript: Phytophthora sp. GHJ-2016b voucher CCIBt 4157 ITS rDNA KT886034, nrLSU KT886030

Paratype: Ibid., permanent shallow lagoon (salinity 2.8 %), from leaves of Rhizophora mangle, on Sorghum sp. seeds, 30 Aug 2012 A.L. Jesus, C.L.A. Pires-Zottarelli & A.V. Marano (SP 466372, paratype)

Ex-paratypes: CCIBt 4116, MMBF 06/15

Selected authentic specimens in other collections

CCIBt 4157 = MMBF 14/15

Molecular identification

Voucher sequences for barcoding genes (ITS rDNA and COI) of the ex-type (see Molecular protocols page)

Phytophthora sp. GHJ-2016b voucher CCIBt 4157 ITS rDNA KT886034

Sequences for ex-type in other sources
  • NCBI: Phytophthora sp. CCIBt 4157 
  • Phytophthora DATABASE: Phytophthora estuarina
  • EPPO-Q-bank: Phytophthora estuarina
  • BOLDSYSTEMS: Phytophthora estuarina (barcoding COI & ITS)
Position in ITS phylogenetic tree

Clade 9

Morphological identification

adapted from Marano et al. (2016)

Colonies and cardinal temperatures

Colony with scanty aerial mycelium and no defined growth pattern in PYGs culture medium. Optimum growth temperature 30°C and maximum 35°C.

Asexual phase

Sporangia nonpapillated or semipapillate; persistent; ovoid to obpyriform, elongate (55–83 μm long x 43–63 μm wide); producing internal (nested and extended) proliferation; produced in unbranched or simple sympodial sporangiophores; sporangia presenting additional vesicle. Hyphal swellings globose, tubular, or with lobate shape. Chlamydospores absent.

NOTE: Additional vesicle in sporangia has not being observed in Phytophthora.

Sexual phase

Sterile.

Hosts and distribution

Distribution: South America (Brazil)
Substrate: leaves, seeds
Host: Laguncularia racemosa (Combretaceae), Sorghum sp. (Poaceae), Rhizophora mangle (Rhizophoraceae)

Retrieved May 23, 2018 from U.S. National Fungus Collections Nomenclature Database.

Additional references and links

  • Phytophthora DATABASE: Phytophthora estuarina
  • EPPO-Q-bank: Phytophthora estuarina
  • SMML USDA-ARS: Phytophthora estuarina
  • EPPO Global Database: Phytophthora estuarina
  • CABI Invasive Species Compendium: Phytophthora estuarina
  • Encyclopedia of Life (EOL): Phytophthora estuarina
  • Index Fungorum (IF): Phytophthora estuarina
  • Plantwise Knowledge Bank: Phytophthora estuarina

Fact sheet author

Z. Gloria Abad, Ph.D., USDA-APHIS-PPQ-S&T Beltsville Laboratory, United States of America