This tool is part of the Citrus Resource

Citrus ID

 

Cara Cara

 

Synonyms

 

Red Navel (sec. Cottin 2002)

Cultivar or taxon

 

Citrus x aurantium L., pro sp. [Sweet Orange Group] (sensu Mabberley 1997, Bayer et al. 2009); Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck (sensu Swingle and Reece 1967; sec. Tanaka sec. Cottin 2002)

Origin

 

The Chiefland Budwood Facility (2010) provided the following notes on the cultivar (clone DPI-104): "Is a red-fleshed navel introduced by the USDA. Discovered by E. P. Du Charme in 1976 at Hacienda Cara Cara in Venezuela. The Cara Cara name is interpreted as beloved in Italian....Released in 1987....Season: Early, November-January"

Description

 

Crown compact or dense, not weeping. First year twig surface glabrous; second or third year twig surface striate; thorns straight; prickles absent or not persistent. Petiole glabrous, length short or medium, wings narrow or medium, adjoining the blade. Leaflets one, margin entire or bluntly toothed, shade leaflet blades flat, sun leaflet blades weakly or strongly conduplicate. Leaflets sweetly orange-like when crushed. Fruit as broad as long or longer than broad, rind yellow (7-10), yellow-orange (11), orange (12) or red-orange (13), rind texture slightly rough (4-5), firmness leathery, navel present, flesh orange or red/purplish-tinged, taste acidic-sweet.

Notes

 

The Chiefland Budwood Facility (2010) provided the following notes on the cultivar (clone DPI-104): "Trees tend to have occasional variegated foliage....Color holds well without fading, lower acidity."

References

 

Bayer, R.J., D.J. Mabberley, C. Morton, C.H. Miller, I.K. Sharma, B.E. Pfeil, S. Rich, R. Hitchcock, and S. Sykes. 2009. A molecular phylogeny of the orange subfamily (Rutaceae: Aurantioideae) using nine cpDNA sequences. American Journal of Botany 96: 668–685.

Chiefland Budwood Facility. 2010. 2010 Annual report July 1, 2009 - June 30, 2010. Bureau of Citrus Budwood Registration, Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services, Winter Haven.

Cottin, R. 2002. Citrus of the World: A citrus directory. Version 2.0. France: SRA INRA-CIRAD.

Mabberley, D.J. 1997. A classification for edible Citrus (Rutaceae). Telopea 7: 167–172.

Swingle, W.T. and P.C. Reece. 1967. The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives. In: Reuther, W., H.J. Webber, and L.D. Batchelor (eds.). The Citrus industry. Ed. 2. Vol. I. University of California, Riverside. http://lib.ucr.edu/agnic/webber/Vol1/Chapter3.html.

Resources

 

Search for this cultivar in NPGS/GRIN1

Search for this cultivar in NCBI2 Entrez, NCBI Nucleotide, or NCBI Expressed Sequence Tags

Additional information on this cultivar at University of California: Riverside Citrus Variety Collection

1GRIN: Germplasm Resources Information Network; NPGS: National Plant Germplasm System

2NCBI: National Center for Biotechnology Information

 

Citrus ID Edition 2
October, 2011
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