Megachile (Neochelynia)

Taxonomy

Family: Megachilidae
Subfamily: Megachilinae
Tribe: Megachilini
Genus: Megachile Latreille, 1802
Subgenus: Neochelynia Schrottky, 1920
Common name: none

Overview

Megachile (Neochelynia) are slender, elongate bees with black integument and often have white apical hair bands on their terga. They range in body length from 6.5–10 mm (Michener 2007).

Diagnostic characteristics

(modified from Michener 2007; Gonzalez 2008)

  • Forewing with upper margin often conspicuously darkened.
  • Female mandible four-toothed with upper tooth rounded or truncate.
  • Female scutum has distinctly separated punctures.
  • Female sterna without apical hair bands beneath the scopa.
  • Female T6 with few or no erect hairs in profile.
  • Male abdomen is elongate and tapered.
  • Male F1 is shorter than the pedicel.
  • Male front coxal spine absent, or short, and inconspicuous if present.
  • Male mandible four-toothed.
  • Male T6 preapical carina is bidentate or bilobed.

May be confused with

Megachile (Neochelynia) may be confused with bees within the subgenus Megachile (Rhyssomegachile) in their general appearance (Michener 2007). Megachile (Neochelynia) females can be differentiated from Megachile (Rhyssomegachile) by the lack of erect hairs on T6 and by the four-toothed mandibles in both sexes (Michener 2007).

Host associations

Megachile (Neochelynia) are known to visit flowers of Lamiaceae and Fabaceae (Aluri et al. 1997; Frankie et al. 1997).

Nesting behavior

Nesting behavior is unknown.

Diversity

Megachile (Neochelynia) consists of 16 species (Moure et al. 2020).

Known invasives

There are no known invasives.

Distribution

Megachile (Neochelynia) are found in North and South America. They range from the southwestern U.S. to Paraguay and Brazil (Michener 2007; Rasmussen et al 2009).

Distribution
​Distribution map generated by Discover Life -- click on map for details, credits, and terms of use.

<p><em>Megachile clara</em> female face, photo: Shaun Heller</p>
Megachile clara female face, photo: Shaun Heller
<p><em>Megachile clara</em> female lateral habitus, photo: Shaun Heller</p>
Megachile clara female lateral habitus, photo: Shaun Heller
<p><em>Megachile clara</em> female abdomen, photo: Shaun Heller</p>
Megachile clara female abdomen, photo: Shaun Heller
<p><em>Megachile clara</em> male lateral habitus, photo: Shaun Heller</p>
Megachile clara male lateral habitus, photo: Shaun Heller
<p><em>Megachile clara</em> male abdomen, photo: Shaun Heller</p>
Megachile clara male abdomen, photo: Shaun Heller