Osmia scheherazade are black bees with a slight metallic green to blue hue on the abdomen and often a metallic violet luster on the clypeus (Müller 2012). Females have whitish hairs on the face and light yellowish-brown hair intermixed with black hair on the vertex and frons. The thorax has light yellowish-brown-whitish hair. The abdomen has uninterrupted bands of whitish hairs along the apical margins of T1–T5. The discs of T1–T4 discs are covered with long erect whitish hair, and T6 is densely covered with whitish to black hair (Müller 2012). Males are as the female with exception to shorter hair on the terga discs (Müller 2012). A distinct feature of O. scheherazade are long mouth parts, which are as long as the entire body when extended (Müller 2012). Female body length is 11.5–13 mm, and male body length is 12–14 mm (Peters 1978).
(modified from Peters 1978)
O. scheherazade looks similar enough to O. maxillaris that it was considered a subspecies of O. maxillaris until it was raised to species status by Müller (2012). The easiest way to distinguish these species is by the shape of T7, which is more angulate and medially emarginate in O. scheherazade and entire and evenly convex in O. maxillaris.
Osmia scheherazade are thought to gather pollen from Fabaceae taxa with deep flower corollas (Müller 2012).
Osmia scheherazade nests in crevices in rocks and abandoned insect borings in dead wood (Müller 2012).
Osmia scheherazade specimens have been recorded in southwestern Asia and can be found in Turkey and Iran (Müller 2012).