Osmia maxschwarzi

Taxonomy

Family: Megachilidae
Subfamily: Megachilinae
Tribe: Osmiini
Genus: Osmia Panzer, 1806
Subgenus: O. (Osmia) Panzer, 1806
Species: Osmia maxschwarzi Müller, 2012
Common name: none

Overview

Osmia maxschwarzi are bees with a metallic green to blue hue on the abdomen and often a metallic violet luster on the clypeus (Müller 2012). Females have whitish hairs on the head except for light yellowish-brown hair intermixed with black hair on the vertex and frons. The thorax has whitish hairs aside from the scutum, which has light yellow-brown hair with black hairs intermixed. The abdomen has uninterrupted apical hair bands on T1T5. The discs of T1T4 are covered with long erect whitish hair with intermixed black hair, and T6 is densely covered with appressed whitish to black hair (Müller 2012). Males are as the females except they often lack the blackish hair on the scutum, and T5T6 have erect blackish hairs, sometimes with white hairs intermixed (Müller 2012). Female body length is 9–10.5 mm, and male body length is 10–11 mm (Müller 2012).

Diagnostic characteristics 

(modified from Müller 2012)

  • Mouthparts long, nearly as long as the entire body when extended, and reaching past the thorax in repose.
  • Terga with apical hair bands.
  • Front tibia with one apical spine.
  • Tibial spur of front legs blunt.
  • Female ocelli surrounded by a relatively large impunctate area.
  • Male S3 with median hair-filled emargination.

May be confused with 

Osmia maxschwarzi is looks very similar to O. scheherazade and O. maxillaris, which also have apical hair bands on the terga and mouthparts that are as long as the body length (Müller 2012). Female O. maxschwarzi can be differentiated by the more spaced out punctures on the scutum and terga, the larger impunctate area around the ocelli, and its overall smaller body size (Müller 2012). Male O. maxschwarzi can be easily distinguished by the distinct hair-filled emargination on S3, often covered by the expanded S2, which is not present in the other two species (Müller 2012).

Phenology

unknown

Host associations 

Osmia maxschwarzi is oligolectic on Fabaceae; it is thought to specialize on flowers with deep corollas. (Müller 2012; Haider et al. 2013).

Nesting behavior 

Nesting behavior is unknown, however, it is suspected to be similar to O. scheherazade which nests in crevices in rocks and insect borings in dead wood (Müller 2012).

Distribution

Osmia maxschwarzi specimens have been recorded from western Turkey to central Iran (Müller 2012).


​Distribution map generated by Discover Life -- click on map for details, credits, and terms of use.

Specimens of this taxon not available for imaging.