Eoanthidium

Taxonomy

Family: Megachilidae
Subfamily: Megachilinae
Tribe: Anthidiini
Genus: Eoanthidium Popov, 1950
Subgenera: Clistanthidium, Eoanthidium, Hemidiellum, Salemanthidium
Common name: none

Overview

Eoanthidium generally have elongate, slender bodies with black integument and yellow maculations (Michener 2007). Their body length ranges from 6–10 mm.

Diversity

Eoanthidium contains at least 17 species in four subgenera (Michener 2007); none are known to occur in the U.S. or Canada.

Diagnostic characteristics

(modified from Michener 2007)

May be confused with

Eoanthidium can be confused with Acedanthidium due to their similar size and foveate scutoscutellar suture. However, Eoanthidium can be differentiated from the Acedanthidium by the presence of juxtantennal carinae in Eoanthidium (Michener 2007).

Known invasives

There are no known invasives.

Host associations

Eoanthidium are generalists and forage on a broad variety of plants (Müller 1996). Eoanthidium punjabensis has been observed visiting Prosopis cineraria (Fabaceae) (Gorain et al. 2012).

Nesting behavior

Nesting behavior is unknown.

Distribution

Eoanthidium occurs in the eastern Mediterranean, southwestern Asia, southern Russia, southern India, Pakistan, and Africa (Michener 2007).

​Distribution map generated by Discover Life -- click on map for details, credits, and terms of use.

<p><em>Eoanthidium turnericum</em> male face, photo: C. Ritner</p>
Eoanthidium turnericum male face, photo: C. Ritner
<p><em>Eoanthidium turnericum</em> male lateral habitus, photo: C. Ritner</p>
Eoanthidium turnericum male lateral habitus, photo: C. Ritner
<p><em>Eoanthidium turnericum</em> male abdomen, photo: T. Brady</p>
Eoanthidium turnericum male abdomen, photo: T. Brady
<p><em>Eoanthidium turnericum</em> male T7, photo: C. Ritner</p>
Eoanthidium turnericum male T7, photo: C. Ritner