About bees

Classification

The classification below shows the placement of all taxonomic entities used in this tool. Note that at this time, the tool only covers species that belong to the genus Apis (Family Apidae), the genera that belong to the family Megachilidae. the subgenera of Anthidium and Osmia, the species of Osmia (Osmia), and the Anthidium species of North America. The figure below shows a cladogram of bee family-level relationships based on one of the phylogenetic hypotheses concerning the relationships of the different bee families (Danforth et al. 2006; Michener 2007).

Hypothesis of phylogenetic relationships among bee families (Danforth 2006, Michener 2007).
Hypothesis of phylogenetic relationships among bee families (Danforth et al. 2006; Michener 2007).

Family Apidae
Subfamily Apinae – includes honey bees (Apis), bumble bees, and others
Tribe Apini – honey bees
Apis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Apis (Apis) (Linnaeus, 1758)
Apis cerana (Fabricius, 1793)
Apis koschevnikovi (Enderlein, 1906)
Apis mellifera (Linnaeus, 1758)
Apis nigrocincta (Smith, 1861)
Apis nuluensis (Tingek, Koeniger & Koeniger, 1996)
Apis (Megapis) (Ashmead, 1904)
Apis dorsata (Fabricius, 1793)
Apis laboriosa (Smith, 1871)
Apis (Micrapis) (Ashmead, 1904)
Apis andreniformis (Smith, 1858)
Apis florea (Fabricius, 1787)

Family Megachilidae
Subfamily Fideliinae
Tribe Fideliini
Fidelia (Friese, 1899)
Neofidelia (Moure & Michener, 1955)
Xenofidelia (Packer, 2017)
Tribe Pararhophitini
Pararhophites (Friese, 1898)
Subfamily Megachilinae
Tribe Anthidiini
Acedanthidium (Michener, 2000)
Afranthidium (Michener, 1948)
Afrostelis (Cockerell, 1931)
Anthidiellum (Cockerell, 1904)
Anthidioma (Pasteels, 1984)
Anthidium (Fabricius, 1804)
Anthidium (Anthidium) (Fabricius, 1804)
Anthidium atrifrons Cresson, 1868
Anthidium atripes Cresson, 1879
Anthidium atripoides Cresson, 1879
Anthidium aztecum Cresson, 1878
Anthidium banningense Cockerell, 1904
Anthidium chamelense Gonzalez and Griswold, 2013
Anthidium clypeodentatum Swenk, 1914
Anthidium cochimi Snelling, 1992
Anthidium cockerelli Schwarz, 1928
Anthidium collectum Huard, 1896
Anthidium dammersi Cockerell, 1937
Anthidium duomarginatum Gonzalez and Griswold, 2013
Anthidium edwardsii Cresson, 1878
Anthidium emarginatum (Say, 1824)
Anthidium florentinum (Fabricius, 1775)
Anthidium formosum Cresson, 1878
Anthidium hallinani Schwarz, 1933
Anthidium illustre Cresson, 1879
Anthidium jocosum Cresson, 1878
Anthidium labergei Gonzalez and Griswold, 2013
Anthidium maculifrons Smith, 1854
Anthidium maculosum Cresson, 1878
Anthidium manicatum (Linnaeus, 1758)
Anthidium michenerorum Gonzalez and Griswold, 2013
Anthidium mormonum Cresson, 1878
Anthidium multispinosum Gonzalez and Griswold, 2013
Anthidium oblongatum (Illiger, 1806)
Anthidium pallidiclypeum Jaycox, 1963
Anthidium palliventre Cresson, 1878
Anthidium palmarum Cockerell, 1904
Anthidium parkeri Gonzalez and Griswold, 2013
Anthidium paroselae Cockerell, 1898
Anthidium placitum Cresson, 1879
Anthidium platyfrons Gonzalez and Griswold, 1879
Anthidium porterae Cockerell, 1900
Anthidium psoraleae Robertson, 1902
Anthidium quetzalcoatli Schwarz, 1933
Anthidium rodecki Schwarz, 1934
Anthidium rodriguezi Cockerell, 1912
Anthidium schwarzi Gonzalez and Griswold, 2013
Anthidium sonorense Cockerell, 1923
Anthidium tenuiflorae Cockerell, 1907
Anthidium utahense Swenk, 1914
Anthidium (Gulanthidium) Pasteels, 1969
Anthidium (Nivanthidium) Pasteels, 1969
Anthidium (Proanthidium) Friese, 1898
Anthidium (Severanthidium) Pasteels, 1969
Anthidium (Turkanthidium) Pasteels, 1969
Anthodioctes (Holmberg, 1903)
Apianthidium (Pasteels, 1969)
Austrostelis (Michener & Griswold, 1994)
Aztecanthidium (Michener & Ordway, 1964)
Bathanthidium (Mavromoustakis, 1953)
Benanthis (Pasteels, 1969)
Cyphanthidium (Pasteels, 1969)
Dianthidium (Cockerell, 1900)
Duckeanthidium (Moure & Hurd, 1960)
Eoanthidium (Popov, 1950)
Epanthidium (Moure, 1947)
Euaspis (Gerstäcker, 1857)
Hoplostelis (Dominique, 1898)
Hypanthidioides (Moure, 1947)
Hypanthidium (Cockerell, 1904)
Icteranthidium (Michener, 1948)
Indanthidium (Michener & Griswold, 1994)
Ketianthidium (Urban, 1999)
Larinostelis (Michener & Griswold, 1994)
Notanthidium (Isensee, 1927)
Pachyanthidium (Friese, 1905)
Paranthidium (Cockerell & Cockerell, 1901)
Plesianthidium (Cameron, 1905)
Pseudoanthidium (Friese, 1898)
Rhodanthidium (Isensee, 1927)
Serapista (Cockerell, 1904)
Stelis (Panzer, 1806)
Trachusa (Panzer, 1804)
Trachusoides (Michener & Griswold, 1994)
Xenostelis (Baker, 1999)
Tribe Aspidosmiini
Aspidosmia (Brauns, 1926)
Tribe Dioxyini
Aglaoapis (Cameron, 1901)
Allodioxys (Popov, 1947)
Dioxys (Lepeletier & Serville, 1825)
Ensliniana (Alfken, 1938)
Eudioxys (Mavromoustakis, 1963)
Metadioxys (Popov, 1947)
Paradioxys (Mocsary, 1894)
Prodioxys (Friese, 1914)
Tribe Lithurgini
Austrothurgus (Gonzalez & Engel, 2013)
Lithurgopsis (Fox, 1902)
Lithurgus (Berthold, 1827)
Microthurge (Michener, 1983)
Trichothurgus (Moure, 1949)
Tribe Megachilini
Coelioxys (Latreille, 1809)
Gronoceras (Cockerell, 1907)
Heriadopsis (Cockerell, 1931)
Matangapis (Baker & Engel, 2006)
Megachile (Latreille, 1802)
Noteriades (Cockerell, 1931)
Radoszkowskiana (Popov, 1955)
Tribe Osmiini
Afroheriades (Peters, 1970)
Ashmeadiella (Cockerell, 1897)
Atoposmia (Cockerell, 1935)
Bekilia (Benoist, 1962)
Chelostoma (Latreille, 1809)
Haetosmia (Popov, 1952)
Heriades (Spinola, 1808)
Hofferia (Tkalců, 1984)
Hoplitis (Klug, 1807)
Ochreriades (Mavromoustakis, 1956)
Osmia (Panzer, 1806)
Osmia (Allosmia) Tkalců, 1974
Osmia (Cephalosmia) Sladen, 1916
Osmia (Diceratosmia) Robertson, 1903
Osmia (Erythrosmia) Schmiedeknecht, 1885
Osmia (Euthosmia) Sinha, 1958
Osmia (Hapsidosmia) Rightmyer, Griswold, & Brady 2013
Osmia (Helicosmia) Thomson, 1872
Osmia (Hemiosmia) Tkalců, 1975
Osmia (Hoplosmia) Thomson, 1872
Osmia (Melanosmia) Schmiedeknecht, 1885
Osmia (Metallinella) Tkalců, 1966
Osmia (Nasutosmia) Griswold and Michener, 1998
Osmia (Neosmia) Tkalců, 1974
Osmia (Osmia) Panzer 1806
Osmia apicata Smith, 1853
Osmia ariadne Peters, 1978
Osmia bicornis Linnaeus, 1758
Osmia cerinthidis Morawitz, 1876
Osmia cornifrons Radoszkowski, 1887
Osmia cornuta Latreille, 1805
Osmia cyrenaica Peters, 1978
Osmia emarginata Lepeletier, 1841
Osmia excavata Alfken, 1903
Osmia fedtschenkoi Morawitz, 1875
Osmia kohlii Ducke, 1899
Osmia lignaria Say, 1837
Osmia longicornis Morawitz, 1875
Osmia maxillaris Morawitz, 1875
Osmia maxschwarzi Müller, 2012
Osmia melanocephala Morawitz, 1875
Osmia mustelina Gerstäcker, 1869
Osmia mutensis Peters, 1978
Osmia nigrohirta Friese, 1899
Osmia opima Romankova, 1985
Osmia pedicornis Cockerell, 1919
Osmia quadricornuta Wu, 2004
Osmia ribifloris Cockerell, 1900
Osmia rufina Cockerell, 1931
Osmia rufinoides Wu, 2004
Osmia scheherazade Peters, 1978
Osmia taurus Smith, 1873
Osmia tricornis Latreille, 1811
Osmia yanbianensis Wu, 2004
Osmia (Ozbekosmia) Zanden, 1994
Osmia (Pyrosmia) Tkalců, 1975
Osmia (Tergosmia) Warncke, 1988
Osmia (Trichinosmia) Sinha, 1958
Othinosmia (Michener, 1943)
Protosmia (Ducke, 1900)
Pseudoheriades (Peters, 1970)
Stenoheriades (Tkalců, 1984)
Wainia (Tkalců, 1980)
Xeroheriades (Griswold, 1986)