Asiatic pennywort, centella, goyu cola, goyu kola, Indian pennywort, marsh pennywort, pennyweed, sheeprot, spadeleaf
pantropical and subtropical
Centella asiatica (L.) Urb.
C. cordifolia (Hook.f.) Nannf.
tropical and subtropical areas worldwide
can be weedy
Perennial, stoloniferious. Stems creeping, glabrous to finely pubescent, sometimes purplish, rooting at the nodes. Leaves alternate, often in rosettes; petiole sheathing at base; leaf blade orbicular to reniform; glabrous, or pubescent on abaxial veins or upper portion of petiole; apex round; base cordate; margin sub-entire or crenate; venation palmate. Inflorescence an axillary umbel, solitary or several clustered, loose to capitate, 2-8-flowered; shortly pedunculate; bracts 2. Flowers ± sessile, inconspicuous; petals 4 or 5, ovate to orbicular, apex ± inflexed, white to pink, or purplish.
shady, wet, grassy places; pastures, meadows, ditches, wetlands, floodplains, on margins of ponds, rivers, and streams
Centella asiatica is cultivated for water gardens and as an important herb of traditional Chinese medicine; often offered incorrectly as C. cordifolia. This genus contains about 50 species.