Taxonomic history

Xyleborus emarginatus Eichhoff, 1878a: 392.

Debus emarginatus (Eichhoff): Hulcr and Cognato, 2010a: 14.


Xyleborus exesus Blandford, 1894b: 119. Hulcr 2010: 111.

Ips cinchonae Veen, 1897: 135. Kalshoven 1959a: 96.

Xyleborus cordatus Hagedorn, 1910a: 12. Schedl 1942c: 6.

Xyleborus palmeri Hopkins, 1915a: 54. Hulcr 2010: 111.

Xyleborus terminaliae Hopkins, 1915a: 54. Hulcr 2010: 110.

Xyleborus emarginatus semicircularis Schedl, 1973: 92. Wood 1989: 176.


3.3−3.6 mm long (mean = 3.48 mm; n = 4); 2.83−3.0 times as long as wide. This species is distinguished by the posterolateral extensions of elytra short, less than the width of apical emargination; declivity shallowly excavated; and elytral declivity clearly, confusedly punctate.

This species is very similar to D. shoreae and can be distinguished by the puncturation of the elytral declivity.

May be confused with

Debus quadrispinus and D. shoreae


from India and southern China through southeast Asia, the Philippines and Indonesia to New Guinea and the Solomon Islands in the East, northwards to Japan; recorded in the study region from China (Fujian, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan), India (Nicobar Is), Laos, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam

Host plants

strongly polyphagous (e.g. Browne 1961b, Ohno 1990, Wood and Bright 1992)

DNA data

Sequences available for COI and CAD.

COI: HM064124MN619900

CAD: HM064303MN620183