Coccotrypes


Type species

Bostrichus dactyliperda Fabricius

Adapted from Wood 1982, p. 731-739


Diagnosis

Species in the genus Coccotrypes can be distinguished from those in Dryocoetes Eichhoff by the convergently aciculate frons, the smaller oral region and its subtropical distribution and hosts.


Description

Species in this genus range from 1.2 to 2.5 mm in length and are approximately 2.1 to 2.5 times as long as wide. Their color ranges from reddish brown to almost black. The frons is convergently aciculate with a sparse, hair-like vestiture. The pronotum is usually longer than wide, with or without asperities. The scutellum is small. The declivity is convex and unarmed. The vestiture consists of abundant and erect hair-like setae. The anterior margin of the compound eye is emarginate. The scape is longer than the 5-segmented funicle. The club is obliquely truncate, with none to two recurved sutures on its posterior face. The procoxae are contiguous.


Distribution

Essentially circumtropical, but transported through commerce to all parts of the world


World fauna

Number of species: 128, Native species: 0, Introduced species: 8


Established exotic species

Coccotrypes advena, C. carpophagus, C. cyperi, C. distinctus, C. rhizophorae, C. robustus, and C. vulgaris are present in Florida

Coccotrypes dactyliperda is present in California, Arizona, Texas, and Florida.


Hosts

Annona, Coccothrinax, Coccothrinus, Cynometra, Eugenia, Euterpe, Livistonia, Mammea, Mangifera, Orbignya, Persea, Phoenix, Phytelephas, Rhizophora, Sabal, Theobroma, Thrinax