Physalis philadelphica Lam.
Pertinent Synonyms & Notes (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other synonyms)
Physalis aequata Jacq. f. ex Nees
P. ixocarpa Hornem, misapplied
Pertinent Common Names (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other common names)
Primary Disseminule Types
fruit with or
without attached calyx (not likely to be dispersed directly to grape bunches), seed
Description (diagnostics are in brown)
Disseminule a yellow or purple berry ± enclosed in a papery husk (enlarged calyx) with numerous seeds. Husk loose, ovoid, 20–35+ mm long, green (drying brown) with 10 darker green or purple ribbed veins.
Seed ± reniform to obovate in outline, typically notched along margin where hilum occurs, strongly compressed, cross-section narrowly elliptic to fusiform, 1.7–2.5(3) mm long x 1.5–2.2 mm wide x 0.5–1 mm thick. Surface sparkly under magnification, may be dull or rough when dried bits of pericarp remain; otherwise, surface is a maze of minute undulating ridges, yellowish.
Hilum marginal, in notch, elliptic to lanceolate, ± sunken especially at the larger end of the scar, ± same color as testa to whitish, (0.5)0.8–1.2 mm long.
Risk Assessment (codes in yellow or red indicate cause for concern; assessments are current as of mid-2011; click AUQP, NZBORIC, or NZBPI for access to the most recent versions of these databases and possible assessment changes)
AUQP, NZBORIC, NZBPI