Matricaria discoidea DC.

Family: Asteraceae, Tribe: Anthemideae

Pertinent Synonyms & Notes (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other synonyms)

Chamomilla suaveolens (Pursh) Ryberg

Pertinent Common Names (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other common names)

pineappleweed, rayless chamomile

Primary Disseminule Type


Description (diagnostics are in brown)

Fruit a cypsela, oblong to oblanceolate, mildly compressed, asymmetrical (abaxially ± gibbous distally), cross-section ± elliptic to 4-sided due to 4 longitudinal ribs, 1–2 mm long x 0.4–0.6 mm wide x 0.3–0.5 mm thick. Surface glabrous, straw-colored to very pale brown or grayish, smooth, with 4 whitish longitudinal ridges (at least 2 of which are typically associated with narrow reddish-brown mucilaginous glands covering over half the length of the fruit). Pappus a short crown to 0.1 mm long x 0.3–0.5 mm across (can be mistakenly interpreted as though there is no pappus).

Style base inconspicuous, cylindrical, whitish.

Fruit attachment scar basal, cup-like, whitish.

Risk Assessment (codes in yellow or red indicate cause for concern; assessments are current as of mid-2011; click AUQP, NZBORIC, or NZBPI for access to the most recent versions of these databases and possible assessment changes)