Lycium cooperi A. Gray

Family: Solanaceae

Pertinent Synonyms & Notes (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other synonyms)


Pertinent Common Names (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other common names)


Primary Disseminule Types

fruit (not likely to be dispersed directly to grape bunches), seed

Description (diagnostics are in brown)

Fruit a berry with several seeds, ovoid, constricted at top appearing bilobed, greenish-yellow to orange, 5–10 mm long.

Seed typically irregularly angular in shape due to tight packing in fruit, typically notched along margin where hilum occurs, variably compressed, cross-section oblong or ovate to sometimes polygonal, 1.8–3 mm long x (1.5)1.8–2.2 mm wide x 0.8–1.6 mm thick. Surface sparkly under magnification, may be dull or rough when dried bits of pericarp remain; otherwise, surface is a maze of undulating ridges, yellowish to orangish-brown.

Hilum marginal but off-center, in notch or nearby, ± sunken, ± round to broadly elliptic, whitish (lighter than testa), 0.15–0.3 mm long.

Similar Species

Compare to Similar Species of Lycium & Physalis and Similar Species of Solanum.

Risk Assessment (codes in yellow or red indicate cause for concern; assessments are current as of mid-2011; click AUQP, NZBORIC, or NZBPI for access to the most recent versions of these databases and possible assessment changes)