Lycium barbarum L.
Pertinent Synonyms & Notes (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other synonyms)
Lycium halimifolium Mill., L. vulgare Dunal
Pertinent Common Names (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other common names)
matrimony vine, goji berry
Primary Disseminule Types
fruit (not likely to be dispersed directly to grape bunches), seed
Description (diagnostics are in brown)
Fruit a berry with few to several seeds, oblong or ellipsoid to ovoid, shiny, orangish-yellow to bright red, 5–10(30) mm long.
Seed elliptical, angular or reniform in outline, typically deeply notched along margin where hilum occurs, strongly compressed, cross-section narrowly oblong and typically curved or C-shaped, (1.8)2–2.25(3) mm long x 1.5–1.8(2.5) mm wide x 0.4–0.7(1) mm thick. Surface sparkly under magnification, may be dull or rough when dried bits of pericarp remain; otherwise, surface is a maze of high undulating ridges (creating a pitted appearance), pale orange to dark orangish-brown.
Hilum marginal, in notch, opening outwards or towards one of the flat faces, color of testa or darker, sunken, ± round to twisted elliptic, 0.1–0.25 mm long.
Risk Assessment (codes in yellow or red indicate cause for concern; assessments are current as of mid-2011; click AUQP, NZBORIC, or NZBPI for access to the most recent versions of these databases and possible assessment changes)
AUQP, AUWP, NZWP, NZBORIC, NZBPI