Linaria maroccana Hook. f.

Family: Plantaginaceae

Pertinent Synonyms & Notes (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other synonyms)


Pertinent Common Names (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other common names)

Morocco toadflax

Primary Disseminule Type


Description (diagnostics are in brown)

Fruit a globose dehiscent capsule 3–5 mm diameter.

Seed a laterally curved cylinder with narrowed ends (one end narrower than the other), creating an overall appearance of an irregularly-shaped pyramid, 0.5–0.9(1) mm long x 0.2–0.5 mm wide. Surface with large, transverse, rounded ridges, finish of ridges is cobblestone-like, metallic grayish-black.

Hilum subterminal near the narrower end, an inconspicuous flared scar at the end of an indistinct longitudinal ridge on the ventral side.

Risk Assessment (codes in yellow or red indicate cause for concern; assessments are current as of mid-2011; click AUQP, NZBORIC, or NZBPI for access to the most recent versions of these databases and possible assessment changes)