Lamium amplexicaule L.

Family: Lamiaceae

Pertinent Synonyms & Notes (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other synonyms)


Pertinent Common Names (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other common names)

henbit, dead-nettle

Primary Disseminule Type

fruit segment

Description (diagnostics are in brown)

Fruit composed of four nutlets (each a dry, indehiscent, single-seeded fruit segment), these enclosed by a persistent pubescent sepal tube until individual nutlets fall to the ground.

Nutlet narrowly oblong to oblanceolate in outline, apex rounded to truncate, base long-tapered, cross-section triangular to sector-shaped (rounded on dorsal side, ventrally ridged), 1.5–2.2 mm long x 0.9–1.1 mm wide. Surface dull (looking somewhat enameled under maghification), finely reticulated to honeycombed, various shades of brown, with a honeycombed outer layer forming white splotches where thick. Base of nutlet covered with a thick, yellowish, waxy substance (i.e., elaiosome).

Nutlet attachment scar linear.

Risk Assessment (codes in yellow or red indicate cause for concern; assessments are current as of mid-2011; click AUQP, NZBORIC, or NZBPI for access to the most recent versions of these databases and possible assessment changes)