Hordeum murinum L. ssp. murinum
Family: Poaceae, Tribe: Triticeae
Pertinent Synonyms & Notes (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other synonyms)
Pertinent Common Names (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other common names)
Primary Disseminule Type
a triplet of spikelets (1 fertile, 2 sterile) subtended by a rachis segment
Description (diagnostics are in brown)
Disseminule is a deciduous cluster of 3 spikelets (1 fertile in center, 2 sterile laterals) subtended by a persistent pubescent rachis internode measuring 2–2.2 mm long.
Fertile spikelet consists of a single sessile or subsessile (pedicel to 0.5 mm long) fertile floret with long, narrow rachilla extension and is lanceolate, dorsally compressed, about same length as or shorter than sterile spikelets.
Sterile spikelet consists of a single sterile floret and is pedicellate, lanceolate, dorsally compressed.
Glumes similar, collateral, straight to gaping, subulate (like bristles) to flattened, 25–30 mm long, ciliate on margins.
Fertile lemma ovate, 7–12 mm long, coriaceous, scabrous, without keel, 5-veined, apex acuminate, awn (18)20–40(50) mm long (longer than those of sterile lemmas), scabrous.
Fertile palea similar to fertile lemma, somewhat translucent.
Sterile lemma 8–15 mm long, awn 20–50 mm long.
Sterile palea more or less glabrous.
Caryopsis ellipsoid, dorsally compressed, 6–7 mm long x 1.5–2 mm wide, brown, apex hairy, embryo 0.2 length of caryopsis, hilum linear, same length as caryopsis, in longitudinal groove.
Risk Assessment (codes in yellow or red indicate cause for concern; assessments are current as of mid-2011; click AUQP, NZBORIC, or NZBPI for access to the most recent versions of these databases and possible assessment changes)
AUQP, NZBORIC, NZBPI