Hordeum murinum L. ssp. glaucum

    (Steud.) Tzvelev
Family: Poaceae, Tribe: Triticeae

Pertinent Synonyms & Notes (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other synonyms)

Hordeum glaucum Steud., H. stebbinsii Covas

Pertinent Common Names (particularly those used in California; go to GRIN for other common names)

smooth barley

Primary Disseminule Type

a triplet of spikelets (1 fertile, 2 sterile) subtended by a rachis segment

Description (diagnostics are in brown)

Disseminule is a deciduous cluster of 3 spikelets (1 fertile in center, 2 sterile laterals) subtended by a persistent pubescent rachis internode measuring 2–2.2 mm long.

Fertile spikelet consists of a single pedicellate (pedicel 1–2 mm long) fertile floret with long, narrow rachilla extension and is lanceolate, dorsally compressed, shorter than sterile spikelets.

Sterile spikelet consists of a single sterile floret and is pedicellate, lanceolate, dorsally compressed.

Glumes similar, collateral, straight to gaping, subulate (like bristles) to flattened, 25–30 mm long, ciliate on margins.

Fertile lemma ovate, 7–12 mm long, coriaceous, scabrous, without keel, 5-veined, apex acuminate, awn (18)20–40(50) mm long (shorter to longer than those of sterile lemmas), scabrous.

Fertile palea similar to fertile lemma, somewhat translucent.

Sterile lemma 8–15 mm long, awn 20–50 mm long.

Sterile palea pilose on lower half.

Caryopsis ellipsoid, dorsally compressed, 6–7 mm long x 1.5–2 mm wide, brown, apex hairy, embryo 0.2 length of caryopsis, hilum linear, same length as caryopsis, in longitudinal groove.

Similar Species

Similar Species Comparison Chart

Risk Assessment (codes in yellow or red indicate cause for concern; assessments are current as of mid-2011; click AUQP, NZBORIC, or NZBPI for access to the most recent versions of these databases and possible assessment changes)