Phidippus clarus

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Current valid name

Phidippus clarus Keyserling (family Salticidae)

Recognition and diagnostic features

Males have red lateral stripes on abdomen and white stripes on the dorsal portion of the palp (femur, patella, tibia). Female not vividly colored as in other Phidippus species and might be confused with immatures of several Phidippus.

Related or similar species

Immatures of other Phidippus species could be mistaken for a female of this species, or the male might be mistaken for the female of Phidippus johnsoni.


Body lengths when mature: male: 3.2 to 10.1 mm, female: 4.2 to 14.2 mm

Adults exhibit sexual dimorphism. Immatures have different coloration from adults, and may look very similar to immatures of other Phidippus species.

Egg sac

Number of eggs per sac: 83.3 (range = 7 to 207)

Time of year eggs are likely to be laid: probably April and May


In California: northern half of state

Elsewhere: every state east of the Rocky Mountains with a few finds in Canada and Mexico

Native to North America

This species has not been transported or become established outside of its range.


Throughout the United States, it is found mostly in old fields at the top of vegetation, where it lays its eggs in the canopy.

Status in table grapes

Level of Incidence: rare

Level of Concern in New Zealand: WPNZ (May 2010) nr, BORIC (Dec 2011) nr (not listed), MAF-BPRA (2002) nr (coding definition)

Level of Concern in Australia: WPAU (2006) nr (coding definition)

Level of Medical importance: possible biter with strong fang musculature, most injury is likely due to mechanical fang puncture not venom toxicity

Common name

None for species, jumping spiders for famliy

Taxonomic history

Many synonyms early on, but stable for the last 70 years.

Selected references

Edwards, G. B. 2004. Revision of the jumping spiders of the genus Phidippus (Araneae: Salticidae). Occasional Papers Florida St. Coll. Arthropods 11: 1-156.

Roach, S. H. 1988. Reproductive periods of Phidippus species (Araneae, Salticidae) in South Carolina. J. Arachnol. 16: 95-101.