Unless otherwise indicated, content in Symptoms of Diseases and Disorders was created and/or authored under a cooperative agreement between University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF/IFAS), and the Center for Plant Health Science and Technology (USDA/APHIS/PPQ/CPHST). This content may be freely distributed or copied in the public domain for non-commercial purposes. However, it is requested that in any subsequent use of this work, the authors, UF/IFAS, and USDA/APHIS/PPQ/CPHST be given appropriate acknowledgement.
Symptoms of Diseases and Disorders may contain information, text, and images created and/or prepared by individuals or institutions other than UF/IFAS or USDA/APHIS/PPQ/CPHST, that may be protected by copyright. Sources of information and text are mentioned in the references page, and in most instances the origin of images has been indicated in image captions or on specific fact sheets. Users must seek permission from the copyright owner(s) to use this material. Contact Ian Maguire (firstname.lastname@example.org) if you need assistance identifying or locating the copyright owner.
Broschat, T. K., M.L. Elliott, I. Maguire. 2010. Symptoms of Diseases and Disorders. In A Resource for Pests and Diseases of Cultivated Palms. University of Florida, Identification Technology Program, CPHST, PPQ, APHIS, USDA; Fort Collins, CO. [date you accessed site] <http://idtools.org/id/palms/symptoms/index.php>
(Unless otherwise noted)
Photo: Timothy K. Broschat, Professor, Environmental Horticulture, University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF/IFAS)
Photo: Monica L. Elliott, Professor, Plant Pathology, University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (UF/IFAS)
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