Paysandisia archon Burmeister
Adults: Wingspan 9-11 cm; forewing color olive brown; hindwing color brightly colored with red, black, and white markings; females with a large ovipositor; antennae clubbed.
Eggs: Length 5 mm; color cream with longitudinal ribs.
Pupae: Pupation takes place within gallery inside cocoon made of plant fibers.
Adult: Wingspan 9-11 mm; hindwings are bright red with bold black and white markings, no eyespots present.
Larvae: Thorax much larger than head; head partially retracted into prothorax
Native: South America (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay).
Introduced: Europe (Spain, France, Italy, United Kingdom). Not yet known in the United States or Caribbean.
Palm: includes the genera Butia, Chamaerops, Latania, Livistona, Phoenix, Sabal, Syagrus, Trachycarpus, Trithrinax, and Washingtonia
Other: none known
Movement of infested plants can ensure long distance dissemination. Larvae are difficult to detect in palm trees due to being hidden in stems. Oviposition takes place on the palm stem near the growing point. Larvae can be detected by the plugs of debris they leave behind at the outermost extremity of the gallery. This moth flies by day and can easily be mistaken for a butterfly.