Copyright, Citation, and Disclaimers

Copyright notice

Unless otherwise indicated, content in Identifying Commonly Cultivated Palms was created and/or authored under a cooperative agreement between Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry (FDACS/DPI) and the Center for Plant Health Science and Technology (USDA/APHIS/PPQ/CPHST). This content may be freely distributed or copied in the public domain for non-commercial purposes. However, it is requested that in any subsequent use of this work, the author, FDACS/DPI, and USDA/APHIS/PPQ/CPHST be given appropriate acknowledgement.

Identifying Commonly Cultivated Palms may contain information, text, and images created and/or prepared by individuals or institutions other than FDACS/DPI or USDA/APHIS/PPQ/CPHST, that may be protected by copyright. Sources of information and text are mentioned in the references page, and in most instances the origin of images has been indicated in image captions or on specific fact sheets. Users must seek permission from the copyright owner(s) to use, reproduce, or distribute these images. Contact Patti Anderson ( if you need assistance identifying or locating the copyright owner.

Suggested tool citation

Anderson, P.J. 2011. Identifying Commonly Cultivated Palms. In A Resource for Pests and Diseases of Cultivated Palms. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Service, Division of Plant Industry and Identification Technology Program, CPHST, PPQ, APHIS, USDA; Fort Collins, CO. [date you accessed site] <>

Image Citation

(Unless otherwise noted)

Photo by Patti J. Anderson



While the authors have made every effort to provide accurate information in Identifying Commonly Cultivated Palms, the author, FDACS/DPI, and USDA/APHIS/PPQ/CPHST specifically disclaim all legal liability with respect to the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information contained in Identifying Commonly Cultivated Palms. The author and associated institutions shall assume no legal liability for any damages, including direct, indirect, consequential, compensatory, special, punitive, or incidental damages arising from or relating to the use of Identifying Commonly Cultivated Palms or the information and materials provided by or linked from Identifying Commonly Cultivated Palms.

External links

Some web pages in Identifying Commonly Cultivated Palms provide links to Internet sites for the convenience of users. The author, FDACS/DPI, and USDA/APHIS/PPQ/CPHST are not responsible for the availability or content of these external sites, nor do the author, FDACS/DPI, and USDA/APHIS/PPQ/CPHST endorse or warrant the products, services, or information described or offered by these Internet sites.

Last Updated May 2014