Euconulidae

Family

Euconulidae

Species

Euconulus spp.

Common Name

Brown hive, Hives

E. alderi: Shiny hive

E. chersinus: Wild hive

E. dentatus: Toothed hive

E. fulvus: Brown hive

E. polygyratus: Fat hive

E. trochulus: Silk hive

Description

This small group of snails only attains a maximum width of 3.5 mm. They are generally dome or bee hive-shaped, pale brown and glossy. The aperture is crescent shaped. There are approximately 25 species in the genus Euconulus, with six species currently occurring in the eastern U.S.:

E. alderi: 2.1 mm high, 2.3-2.8 mm wide, 5.2 whorls

E. chersinus: 2.35 mm high, 2.5 mm wide, 6.6 whorls

E. dentatus: 2.75 mm high, 2.5 mm wide, 6.9 whorls

E. fulvus: 3.2 mm high, 3.4 mm wide, 6.5 whorls

E. polygyratus: 2.4 mm high, 2.75 mm wide, 6.8 whorls

E. trochulus: 2.4 mm high, 2.45 mm wide, 5.9 whorls

Native Range

Holarctic

Distribution

North America:

  • U.S.: Central and Eastern
  • Canada

Europe

Australasia: New Zealand

Ecology

This snail genus inhabits cool, calcareous wetlands, lowland conifer, coastal dune/beaches or grassy meadows. E. alderi is a protected species in Michigan.

References

Grimm 2009; Forsyth 2004; Kerney et al. 1979; Michigan Natural Features Inventory 2007; Perez and Cordeiro 2008

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