Candidula intersecta

Family

Hygromiidae

Species

Candidula intersecta Poiret, 1801

Common Name

Wrinkled dune snail

Description

The wrinkled dune snail's shell can attain a height of 5-8 mm and a width of 7-13 mm, with 5 to 6 1/2 whorls. The shell is off-white to pale yellow in color with brown bands or spots. The color pattern of this species is variable. There is often an irregular white stripe on the body whorl. Albino or brown-colored morphs of this species have been reported in Europe. The body of the animal is pale yellow or blue-gray in color.

Native Range

Western Europe

Distribution

North America:

  • U.S.: Oregon

South America: Columbia, Chile

Australasia: New Zealand, Australia

Europe

Ecology

This species is often found in open, dry areas (e.g., pastures and coastal plains). It is reported to be a pest of apples, pears, plums and peaches. The snail will damage the fruit while it is still attached to the tree. Apart from the direct, reduced market value of the fruit, this type of feeding damage allows for secondary infections to the fruit and tree. In some instances, the tree may die from such infections. This species also feeds on both the seeds and the seedlings of cereal crops. The wrinkled dune snail has the propensity to aggregate on vertical structure (e.g., plants, fences); as such, they often pose a contamination risk to cereal grains during harvest, as well as allow for secondary infestation by fungal pathogens, which may make the grain toxic. In field cropping systems, this species is able to survive cultivation, therefore making it difficult to manage.

Synonyms

  • Helix intersecta Poiret, 1801

References

Anderson 2005; Godan 1983; Kerney et al. 1979

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