Bradybaenidae

Family

Bradybaenidae

Species

Acusta touranensis (Souleyet, 1842)

Bradybaena similaris (Ferussac, 1821)

Fruticicola fruticum (Muller, 1774)

Common Name

Acusta touranensis: None reported

Bradybaena similaris: Asian tramp snail

Fruticicola fruticum: Bush snail

Description

The Asian tramp snail is approximately 12 mm in length and 12-18 mm wide with 5.5 whorls. In this species, both sinistral (mouth on the left) and dextral (mouth on the right) individuals exist. There are four distinct color morphs: 1. yellow-tan without a band, 2. yellow-tan with a chestnut colored stripe, 3. pale brown without a band, 3. pale brown with a chestnut color band.

The bush snail is also variable in color ranging from pale yellow, to white to light red-brown, sometimes with a dark chestnut colored stripe. This snail is approximately 10-19 mm high and 13-23 mm wide, although specimens measuring up to 25.4 mm have been documented. Adults often possess 6 whorls, but a range of 5-6.5 is not uncommon.

Native Range

Bradybaena similaris: Southeast Asia

Fruticicola fruticum: Central and Eastern Europe, and Asia

Distribution

North America:

  • U.S.: southeastern U.S. including Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas

Central and South America

Pacific Islands: Hawaiian Islands

Caribbean: Puerto Rico, Jamaica

Europe (Fruticicola fruticum)

Auatralasia: Australia

Asia

Africa

Ecology

This tropical pest species (Asian tramp snail) has been known to consume cucurbits, grapes, Hibiscus sp., legumes and various ornamental plants. Self-fertilization is possible in this snail. This species achieve full maturity in 100 days on average and longevity is approximately 144 days. The number of eggs produced per clutch ranges form 1 to 202.

The bush snail typically matures within a year of hatching and can persist for as many as 5 years or longer. This species is frequently found along roadsides and in lush, damp vegetation.

Synonyms

Fruticicola fruticum:

  • Helix fruticum (Muller, 1774)
  • Bradybaena fruticum (Muller, 1774)

References

Airo et al. 2003; Barker 200; Carvallo et al. 2008; Chang 1990; Cowie et al. 2008; Cowie et al. 2009; Falniowski et al. 2004; Godan 1983; Kerney et al. 1979; Komai and Emura 1955; Naggs et al. 2003; Rosenberg and Muratov 2006; Solem 1959; Utsuno and Asami 2010

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