Arianta arbustorum

Family

Helicidae

Species

Arianta arbustorum (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common Name

Copse snail

Description

The color pattern of this species is highly variable; however, most individuals are light brown with straw-colored spots and a large dark brown stripe. The heliciform shell will also vary in size (10-22 mm high and 14-28 mm wide with 5-6 whorls). The umbilicus is completely covered by the columellar edge of the aperture. The lip of the shell is bone white. Sinistral (mouth on left) and dextral (mouth on right) specimens exist. The body of the animal typically is black.

Native Range

Western and Central Europe

Distribution

North America:

  • Canada: Newfoundland

Europe: Western and Central

Ecology

This snail survives in damp meadows, marshy habitats as well as mountains and sandhills. Its longevity is approximately 14 years, attaining maturity at 2-4 years.

Synonyms

  • Helix arbustorum
  • Helicigonia arbustorum

References

Anderson 2005; Boycott 1934; Kerney et al. 1979

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