Flat Mites of the World

Raoiella indica

Authority

Hirst

Synonyms

Rarosiella cocosae Rimando 1996:3 (syn. Mesa et al. 2009) (from The Philippines)

Raoiella phoenica Meyer

Raoiella pandanae Mohanasundaram

Suspected synonyms

Raoiella camur Chaudhri & Akbar

Raoiella empedos Chaudhri & Akbar

Raoiella neotericus Chaudhri & Akbar

Raoiella obelias Hasan & Akbar

Raoiella rahii Akbar & Chaudhri

Key characters

  • setae c1, d1, e1 weakly spatulate (e1 often tapered) (Figs. 1-5)
  • setae c1 > d1 > e1 in length (Figs. 3-6)
  • seta h1 subequal in length to h2 (make sure tapered tip is fully visible) (Fig. 6)
  • seta h2 setiform, with finely tapered tip (often broken)
  • seta f2 shorter than f3 (Fig. 6)
  • coxae III-IV nude
  • femur II with 4 setae (d, l', bv", v')
  • genua I-II with 3 setae (d, l', l")
  • tarsi I-II with companion seta obviously longer than solenidion (Figs. 7, 8)
  • dorsal setae on tibiae I-II setiform, with finely tapered tip (Figs. 8, 9)
  • palp tibiotarsus with one solenidion and one tapered, setiform eupathidium distally (Figs. 10, 11), and one seta dorsally
  • setae ps1 and ps1 inserted distant to each other (Fig. 12)
  • male with distinctively shaped posterior opisthsoma (Fig. 13)
  • male with short ps1 setae, 8-11 microns (Fig. 14)
  • male femur II and genua I-II same as female
  • larva with short, setiform setae h2

Distribution

Antigua, Aruba, Barbados, Benin, Brazil, Cambodia, Colombia, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Granada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Kenya, *India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jamaica, Martinique, Mauritius, Mexico, Oman, Pakistan, Reunion, Panama, Puerto Rico, Saint Lucia, Saint Martin, Saint Vincent and Saint Thomas, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Thailand, The Philippines, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Turks & Caicos Islands, United Arab Emirates, USA (FL), US Virgin Islands, Venzuela

* - holotype

Hosts

Many palm species in family Arecaceae: Areca spp., Caryota mitis, *Cocos nucifera, Dypsis lutescens, Elaeis guineensis, Livistonia chinensis, Phoenix dactylifera, Phoenix spp., Rhapis excelsa, Washingtonia robusta.

Other hosts: Alpinia purpurata (Zingiberaceae), Heliconia spp. (Heliconiaceae), Musa spp. (Musaceae), Strelitzia reginae (Strelitziaceae)

* - holotype

Remarks

Antigua, Aruba, Barbados, Benin, Brazil, Cambodia, Colombia, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Granada, Guadeloupe, Haiti, Kenya, *India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jamaica, Martinique, Mauritius, Mexico, Oman, Pakistan, Reunion, Panama, Puerto Rico, Saint Lucia, Saint Martin, Saint Vincent and Saint Thomas, Saudi Arabia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Thailand, The Philippines, Trinidad-Tobago, Tunisia, Turks & Caicos Islands, United Arab Emirates, USA (FL), US Virgin Islands, Venzuela

* - holotype

References

Akbar (1990); Akbar & Chaudhri (1987); Al-Gboory (1987); Beard et al. (in prep.); Beard et al. (2012); Chandra & Channabasavanna (1974); Chaudhri & Akbar (1985); Chaudhri et al. (1974); Dowling et al. (2008; 2012); Gupta (1992); *Hirst (1924); Kane et al. (2012); Meyer (1979); Mohanasundaram (1989); Ochoa et al. (2011); Pritchard & Baker (1958); Sadana (1997); Sayed (1942)

* - original description

<em>Raoiella indica</em>

Fig. 1. Raoiella indica - alive, DIC, low temperature SEM (SEM image - Eric Erbe).

<em>Raoiella indica</em>

Fig. 2. Raoiella indica paratype female dorsum (India).

<em>Raoiella indica</em>

Fig. 3. Raoiella indica female dorsum (= Rarosiella cocosae paratype, The Philippines).

<em>Raoiella indica</em>

Fig. 4. Raoiella indica female dorsum (Saint Lucia).

<em>Raoiella indica</em>

Fig. 5. Raoiella indica female dorsum (Thailand).

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Fig. 6. Raoiella indica female posterior dorsum.

<em>Raoiella indica</em>

Fig. 7. Raoiella indica female leg I, same leg in different focal planes (sol = solenidion; cs = companion seta).

<em>Raoiella indica</em>

Fig. 8. Raoiella indica female leg II (sol = solenidion; cs = companion seta; d = dorsal seta on tibia).

<em>Raoiella indica</em>

Fig. 9. Raoiella indica female leg I (arrow indicating dorsal seta on tibia).

<em>Raoiella indica</em>

Fig. 10. Raoiella indica adult female palp (s = solenidion; e = eupathidium).

<em>Raoiella indica</em>

Fig. 11. Raoiella indica adult male palp (s = solenidion; e = eupathidium).

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Fig. 12. Raoiella indica posterior venter.

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Fig. 13. Raoiella indica male dorsum.

<em>Raoiella indica</em>

Fig. 14. Raoiella indica male posterior venter.