Parascutacarus

 

HARMFUL | NOT HARMFUL | UNCERTAIN

lives in bee nests and disperses on adult bees, but its effect on bees is unknown

Name and classification

Parascutacarus Baker and Delfinado, 1975

Taxonomy
Superorder Acariformes » Order Trombidiformes » Suborder Prostigmata » Infraorder Eleutherengona » Hyporder Heterostigmata » Family Scutacaridae » Genus Parascutacarus

Type species
Parascutacarus indicus Baker and Delfinado, 1975

Diagnosis

Female: Setae c2 long, strong, pectinate (similar to long leg setae) (Fig. 1). Setae c1 absent (Figs. 1, 3). Setae ps3 displaced ventrally (not submarginal) (Fig. 2). Large hooked claw present on tibiotarsus I (Fig. 2). Trochanter IV simple, not modified (Fig. 2). Tibia and tarsus IV not fused (Fig. 2). Empodium IV suckerlike, without claws (Fig. 2).

Species identification

This genus has only one species, Parascutacarus indicus.

Distribution

India

Bee hosts

While originally described from a single specimen collected from unidentified species of Bombus, we collected a large series of this mite from the halictid bee Lasioglossum albescens, and this is probably the true host of Parascutacarus.

Host association level

Permanent

associated exclusively with bees or their close relative, wasps; cannot live without these hosts

Temporary

some life stages are associated with bees, while others are not

Facultative or opportunistic

can complete entire life cycle without bees or their close relative, wasps

permanent

Host associations, feeding, and dispersal

  • All stages presumably live in nests of halictid bees.
  • Mite females disperse on adult bees.