Microlepidoptera on Solanaceae

Lineodes

Name

Lineodes Guenée, 1854

Type species: Lineodes hieroglyphalis Guenée, 1854

Synonyms:

  • Scoptonoma Zeller, 1873
  • Ciraphorus Dyar, 1910

Overview

Lineodes includes 35 species distributed in the New World and Hawaii. Six occur in America north of Mexico. The species are gracile with long legs and narrow wings, and they are often mistaken for plume moths (Pterophoridae). The male genitalia likewise have long, slender valvae, usually with a longitudinal fibula. Female genitalia are much less distinctive among species, consisting of a globular corpus bursae without a signum and a usually moderately long ductus bursae without sclerites of the ostium or antrum. The North American species are easy to distinguish by wing pattern alone.

The larvae of a few species are occasional pests. Lineodes integra is a widely distributed pest of eggplant in North America.

The genus has not been revised, and genitalia are illustrated for almost none. Most of the species were described in the 19th and early 20th Centuries. The only two keys that include large numbers of species (Dyar 1913, Hampson 1913) were published, remarkably, within days of each other.

Amsel (1956) proposed the tribe Lineodini for Lineodes and Atomopteryx (as Stenoptycha) based on the aberrant habitus, male genitalia and wing nervature.

References

Amsel, 1956, 1957.

Dyar, 1913.

Hampson, 1913.