Microlepidoptera on Solanaceae

Lineodes vulnifica

Name

Lineodes vulnifica Dyar, 1913

Common name: none.

Original combination: Lineodes vulnifica Dyar, 1913

Synonyms: none.

Alternative combinations: none.

Classification: Pyraloidea, Crambidae, Spilomelinae, Leucinodes group

Adult recognition

Forewing length: 7.7 - 8.5 mm, narrow. The wings are strikingly patterned with contrasting and sharply defined white and brown areas. The white medial area is nearly bisected into an anterior triangle and a posterior oval. The costa has white spots on brown. Likewise, the hind wings have brown discal spots and terminal band that are distinct from the white ground color. In males, the valvae are broad, and the fibula obliquely slants to the sacculus and terminates in a sharp hook. The female genitalia are not different from those of other Lineodes species, consisting of a narrow ductus bursae about twice as long as the globular corpus bursae.

Immature stages

Not described.

Similar species

Lineodes triangulalis has much smaller areas of white on the forewings, and they are dusted with brown scales. The male fibula of L. triangulalis is not hooked, and the female ductus bursae is short.

Behavior

Recorded to feed on the fruit ("fructificacion") of pepper (C. annuum) in Honduras (USNM specimen).

Distribution

Northern South America (Venezuela) and Central America (Costa Rica, Honduras, Mexico, Panama) north to southern Texas; also Caribbean (St. Vincent).

Hosts

Capsicum annuum L. (pepper)

Capsicum baccatum” (Texas)

Comments

This species has been confused with L. triangulalis in collections. They are sympatric in southern Texas. It was recorded on pepper in Texas as early as 1943, having been previously known only in Mexico.

Literature

Annand, 1945.