About this toolcopyright, citation, and disclaimers
The content on this site is in the public domain except where otherwise indicated. However, we ask
that appropriate acknowledgement is given to the authors, USDA APHIS PPQ S&T Otis Lab, and USDA APHIS ITP if the
information or figures from TingID are used elsewhere.
This site also includes content created by other individuals or institutions. Where this
content is copyrighted, it should be properly credited, and users must seek permission
from the appropriate copyright owners to use this material.
Krishnankutty, S., J.L. Scher. 2020.
TingID. USDA APHIS S&T Otis Lab and USDA APHIS Identification Technology Program (ITP). Otis, MA.
[date of access] <http://idtools.org/id/lacebugs/>
Images on the home page were taken by the following individuals:
Corythucha sp.: Joseph Berger, Bugwood.org
Corythucha ciliata: Fabio Sterjulc, Università di Udine, Bugwood.org
Stephanitis pyri: Ferenc Spéder, Flickr
Stephanitis takeyai: Ab. H. Bass, Saxifraga
Stephanitis pyri nymphs: Ferenc Spéder, Flickr
Even though we have made every effort to provide accurate and updated information,
the authors and institutions involved specifically disclaim all legal liability with respect
to the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information contained in TingID. The
authors and the institutions involved shall assume no legal liability for any
damages, including direct, indirect, consequential, compensatory, special,
punitive, or incidental damages arising from or relating to the use of TingID or the information and materials provided by or linked to from TingID.
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genetic information in employment or in any program or activity conducted or funded by
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Mention of companies or commercial products does not imply recommendation or endorsement
by the USDA over others not mentioned. USDA neither guarantees nor warrants the standard
of any product mentioned. Product names are mentioned solely to report factually on
available data and to provide specific information. The findings and conclusions in this website have not been formally disseminated by the USDA and should not be construed to represent agency determination or policy.