Capsicum annuum

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Name and publication

Capsicum annuum L., Sp. Pl. 1: 188-189 (1753).


Peppers are cultivated as a vegetable or condiment, depending upon the heat. The fruit, technically a many-seeded berry, is variable in size, shape, and color. Peppers used in potpourri are normally rather small, about 2-5 cm long, and bright red.

Nativity and distribution

Capsicum annuum is native from Florida to Colombia but cultivated worldwide