Avena sativa

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Name and publication

Avena sativa L., Sp. Pl. 1: 79 (1753).


Baumann, J., Walker, K., & Threlfall, C. (2016). African Carder bee, “Afranthidium (Immanthidium) repetitum” (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae): A new exotic species for Victoria. Victorian Naturalist, 133(1), 21–25. Retrieved from https://search.informit.com.au/documentSummary;dn=922336207230970;res=IELHSS

Droege, S. W., & Shapiro, L. H. (2011). An August survey of wild bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) in the northeastern port areas of Baltimore, Maryland and the second North American record of Pseudoanthidium nanum (Mocsáry). The Maryland Entomologist5(3), 33-44.

Gess, S. K., & Gess, F. W. (2007). Notes on nesting and flower visiting of some Anthidiine bees (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae: Megachilinae: Anthidiine) in Southern Africa. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 16(1), 30–50.

Gess, S. K., & Gess, F. W. (2008). Patterns of Usage of Snail Shells for Nesting by Wasps ( Vespidae : Masarinae and Eumeninae ) and Bees ( Megachilidae : Megachilinae ) in Southern Africa. Journal of Hymenoptera Research, 17(1), 86–109.

Litman, J. R., Griswold, T. L., & Danforth, B. N. (2016). Phylogenetic systematics and a revised generic classification of anthidiine bees (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 100, 183–198. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2016.03.018

Muller, A. (1996). Hostā€Plant Specialization in Western Palearctic Anthidine Bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Megachilidae). Ecological Monographs, 66(2), 235-257.

Nativity and distribution

Avena sativa, a tufted annual, is only known from cultivation, derived mostly from the wild A. sterilis L.


Poaceae (alt. Gramineae)