Hispines of the World

 

Xiphispa Chapuis 1878: cxlv

 

Synonomys

 

nONE.

Type Species

 

Oxycephala coquereli Fairmaire.

Diagnosis

 

Xiphispa can be distinguished by the following combination of characters:

  • lateral margin of pronotum and elytra without long, stiff spines
  • head with narrow frontal horn between antennae
  • antennomere 1 without spine-like process
  • pronotum with seta in each anterior angle
  • elytra with 8 rows of punctures plus scutellar row basally, 10 apically
  • prosternum with anterior margin projecting forward, partly covering mouth

Description

 

Body elongate; subparallel; subconvex; color reddish-brown with darker stripes; total length 12.0 to 20.5 mm.

Head: vertex with medial sulcus; frontal horn narrow, subacute, subequal in length to antennomere 1; eye large, subrounded.

Antenna: filiform; rigid; cylindrical; with 11-antennomers; antennomere 1 incrassate, as long as 2 to 4 combined; 2 shortest; 3 little longer than 2 and each of the following; 11 pointed at apex.

Pronotum: conical, longer than wide, narrowing from base to apex; lateral margin straight, margined; anterior angle acute, projecting, with seta; anterior margin truncate; posterior angle acute; posterior margin bisinuate; surface strongly, sparsely punctate.

Scutellum: cordate; impunctate.

Elytron: lateral margin straight, narrowing toward apex; exterior apical angle rounded; apical margin truncate; humerus angulate, not produced; with 8 rows of punctures plus scutellar row basally, 10 apically; interspace 7 costate.

Venter: prosternum with anterior margin projecting forward, partly covering mouth.

Leg; short; robust; pro- and mesofemora curved, metafemur dilated apically; tibia very short.

Distribution

 

Madagascar.

World Fauna

 

Described species: 1- Xiphispa coquereli (Fairmaire) (Staines 2012).

Hosts

 

Unknown.

References

 

Chapuis, F. 1878. Descriptions de deux generes nouveaux de la famille des Phytophages. Annales de la Société Entomolgique Belgique 21:cxliii-cxlvi.

Staines, C. L. 2012. Tribe Cryptonychini. Catalog of the hispines of the world (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae). http://entomology.si.edu/Collections_Coleoptera.html

 

Key player updated January 2018; content updated April 2014
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