Hispines of the World

 

Xenochalepus (s. str.) Weise 1910b: 136

 

Synonomys

 

Xenochalepus (Hemichalepus) Spaeth 1937a: 148 (unavailable name).

Xenochalepus (Hemichalepus) Uhmann 1938b: 421.

Type Species

 

Odontota omogera Crotch.

Diagnosis

 

Xenochalepus (Xenochalepus) can be distinguished by the following combination of characters:

  • body wedge-shaped or oblong
  • the lateral margins of the pronotum and the elytra without long, stiff spines
  • the head without a frontal horn
  • the pronotum with a seta in each anterior angle, finely margined, without lateral teeth
  • the apex of the elytra without a tooth-like projection
  • the elytra with 10 rows of punctures for entire length, scutellar row present or absent, with 4 regular costae, costae 1 and 4 complete, costae 2 and 3 almost obsolete, humerus angulate without spine or tooth, apex regularly conjointly rounded, sutural angle emarginate
  • the antennae thickened at apex, with 11-antennomeres, antennomere 11 rounded at apex
  • leg with apical tarsomere bearing 2 claws
  • abdominal sterna 1 and 3 without medial sulcus
  • anterior margin of prosternum not expanding toward mouth

Description

 

Head: slightly wider than long; vertex sulcate; longitudinal carina between antenna reaching base of clypeus; clypeus large; labrum prominent, wider than long; outer margin of mandible rather broadly and evenly arcuate; eye convex, elongate‑oval.

Antenna: with 11-antennomeres; antennomere 1 incrassate.

Pronotum: wider than long; lateral margin bisinuate, angulate at middle; transversely convex; slight basal impression with transverse carina present.

Elytron: elongate‑oval; apex conjointly rounded, deeply subquadrate‑emarginate at suture; lateral and apical margins serrulate; with 10 rows of punctures plus scutellar row; with four costae, 1 and 4 complete, 2 and 3 almost obsolete.

Leg: last tarsomere produced between bases of claws into a narrow triangular, truncate process.

Venter: abdomen sparsely micropunctate; apex of sternite 5 slightly emarginate; generally sternite 5 of female with small irregular patch of setae on both sides of central elevation, in male patch of setae scarcely perceptible.

Distribution

 

Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Haiti, México, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, United States, Venezuela.

World Fauna

 

Described species: 26 (Staines 2012). Key: Uhmann 1936e, Monrós & Viana 1947, Butte 1969, Staines 1996(1997), 2006b.

Hosts

 

Coussapoa, Cecropia, Pourouma (Cecropiaceae); Glycine, Mucuna, Phaseolus (Fabaceae).

References

 

Butte, J. G. 1968a. Revision of the tribe Chalepini of America north of Mexico. I. Genus Xenochalepus Weise (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Coleopterists Bulletin 22:45‑63.

Monrós, F. & M. J. Viana. 1947. Revisión sistemática de los Hispidae Argentinos (Insecta, Coleop. Chrysomeloid.). Anales del Museo Argentino Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia" 42:125-324.

Spaeth, F. 1937a. Über die von Regierungsrat E. Reimoser in Argentinien und Paraguay 1907 and 1908 gesammelten Hispinen (Col. Chrysom.). Annalen des NaturhistorischenMuseum in Wien 48:143-166.

Staines, C. L. 1996(1997). The Hispinae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) of Nicaragua. Revista Nicaragüense de Entomología 37/38:1-65.

Staines, C. L. 2006b. The hispine beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae) of America north of Mexico. VirginiaMuseum of Natural History Special Publication Number 13. 178 pp.

Staines, C. L. 2012. Tribe Chalepini. Catalog of the hispines of the world (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae). http://entomology.si.edu/Collections_Coleoptera.html

Uhmann, E. 1936e. Amerikanische Hispinen aus dem Zoologischen Museum der Universität Berlin. V. Teil. Die Gattung Chalepus i. sp. Thunberg. 61. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Hispinen (Col. Chrys.). Festschrift zum 60. Geburtstage von Professor Dr. Embrik Strand 1:613-629.

Uhmann, E. 1938b. Amerikanische Hispinen aus dem Zoologischen Museum der Universität Berlin. VII. Teil. Die Gattung Xenochalepus Weise. 70. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Hispinen (Col. Chrys.). Revista de Entomología Rio de Janerio 8:420‑440.

Weise, J. 1910b. Zweiter Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Hispinen. Verhandlunger des Naturforschenden Vereines in Brünn 48:115‑162.

 

Content last updated April 2014
idtools.org