Hispines of the World

 

Wallacea Baly 1858: 97

 

Synonomys

 

Pistosia Weise 1905g: 93.

Pistocia Weise (misspelling).

Wallaceana Maulik 1928: 159 (replacement name for Wallacea Baly).

Neodownesia Gressitt 1953b: 121.

Type Species

 

Wallacea bowringii Baly.

Diagnosis

 

Wallacea can be distinguished by the following combination of characters:

  • lateral margin of pronotum and elytra without long, stiff spines
  • head without frontal horn between antennae, clypeus well-developed
  • pronotum with seta in each posterior angle
  • elytra without scutellar row of punctures
  • tarsi with 2 claws

Description

 

Elongate; subparallel; subdepressed; elytra projecting beyond tip of abdomen; color brown or reddish-brown, some species with black markings; total length 4.3 to 12.0 mm.

Head: small; transverse; medial sulcus present; labrum very small; clypeus well-developed; maxillary palps with palpomeres 2 and 3 subequal in length, obconic, 4 slightly longer, oval; eye large, convex.

Antenna: with 11-antennomeres; thickening to apex; reaches to humerus; antennomere 1 thicker than 2; 11 rounded at apex.

Pronotum: quadrate; lateral margin rounded, strongly margined; anterior angle obtuse, rounded; anterior margin weakly rounded; posterior angle acute; posterior margin weakly sinuate; convex; surface irregularly punctate.

Scutellum: narrow; elongate; impunctate.

Elytron: lateral margin straight, smooth; apical margin rounded or truncate; humerus rounded, not produced; slightly constricted behind humerus; with 8 rows of punctures with additional rows after middle; tricostate.

Leg: short; robust; tarsi with 2 claws.

Distribution

 

Australia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam.

Introduced into: France.

World Fauna

 

Described species: 33 (Staines 2012). Key: Maulik 1919, Uhmann 1955a, Gressitt 1950, 1957b, Gressitt & Kimoto 1963a, Chen et al. 1986, Kimoto 1999.

Hosts

 

Areca, Arenga, Chamaerops, Didymosperma, Eleiodoxa, Nipa, Metroxylon, Oncosperma, Phoenix, Plectocomia, Washingtonia, Zalacca (Arecaceae).

References

 

Baly, J. S. 1858. Catalogue of Hispidae in the collection of the BritishMuseum. London, 172 pp.

Chen, S. H., P. Y. Yu, C. H. Sun, C. H. T'an, & Y. Zia. 1986. Fauna Sinica (Insecta: Coleoptera: Hispidae). Science Press, Beijing. 653 pp.

Gressitt, J. L. 1950. The hispine beetles of China (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Lingnan Science Journal 23(1-2):53-142.

Gressitt, J. L. 1953b. Supplement to "The hispine beetles of China". Pan Pacific Entomologist 29:121‑126.

Gressitt, J. L. 1957b. Hispine beetles from the South Pacific (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Nova Guinea n. s. 8:205‑324.

Gressitt, J. L. & S. Kimoto. 1963a. The Chrysomelidae (Coleopt.) of China and Korea. Part 2. Pacific Insects Monograph 1B:301‑1026.

Kimoto, S. 1999. Chrysomelidae (Coleoptera) of Thailand, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. VI. Hispinae. Bulletin of the Institute of Comparative Studies of International Cultures and Societies 23: 59-159.

Maulik, S. 1919. Hispinae and Cassidinae of India, Burma and Ceylon. The fauna of British India. Taylor & Francis, London. 439 pp.

Maulik, S. 1928. New chrysomelid beetles from India with a note on the scales of Coleoptera. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1928:151-161.

Staines, C. L. 2012. Tribe Gonophorini. Catalog of the hispines of the world (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae). http://entomology.si.edu/Collections_Coleoptera.html

Uhmann, E. 1955a. Gonophorini, besonders von den Philippinen. Philippine Journal of Science 84:229‑251.

Weise, J. 1905g. Beschreibung einiger Hispinen. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 71:49-104.

 

last updated April 2014
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