Hispines of the World

 

Sumitrosis Butte 1969 13

 

Synonomys

 

Anoplitis Kirby 1837: 227.

Anoplitis Chapuis 1875: 316 (not Kirby).

Type Species

 

Hispa rosea Weber.

Diagnosis

 

Sumitrosis can be distinguished by the following combination of characters:

  • body wedged-shaped
  • the lateral margins of the pronotum and the elytra without long, stiff spines
  • the head without a frontal horn
  • the pronotum with a seta in each anterior angle, finely margined, without lateral teeth
  • the apex of the elytra without a tooth-like projection
  • the elytra with 8 rows of punctures for entire length plus short scutellar row, with 3 regular costae, humerus rounded without spine or tooth
  • the antennae thickened at apex, with 11-antennomeres
  • leg with mesotibia not strongly curved, with apical tarsomere bearing 2 claws, femora without large tooth
  • anterior margin of prosternum not expanding toward mouth

Description

 

Head: slightly wider than long; vertex finely granulose with deep medial sulcus; frontal carina feeble, joining clypeal base; clypeus feebly transverse.

Antenna: with 11-antennomeres.

Pronotum: transverse; lateral margin obtusely subangulate at middle and feebly narrowing towards apex and obliquely more or less so towards base; transversely convex; basal impression present or absent.

Elytron: elongate‑ovate; lateral margin serrulate or not; apex conjointly, distinctly rounded; with 8 rows of punctures plus scutellar row; tricostate.

Distribution

 

Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Costa Rica, French Guiana, Guatemala, México, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad, United States, Venezuela.

World Fauna

 

Described species: 60 (Staines 2012). Key: Monrós & Viana 1947, Butte 1969, Staines 1990, 1996(1997), 2006b.

Hosts

 

Aster, Baccharis, Eupatorium, Eurybia, Euthamia, Helianthis, Polymnia, Rudbeckia, Solidago, Symphyotrichum, Vernonia, Wedelia, Zexmenia (Asteraceae); Chamaecrista (Caesalpiniaceae); Cajanus, Calopogonium, Canavalia, Desmodium, Dolichos, Glycine, Meibomia, Phaseolus, Pueraria, Robinia, Strophostyles, Stylosanthes (Fabaceae); Heliconica (Heliconiaceae); Chusquea (Poaceae); Helicarpus (Tiliaceae).

References

 

Butte, J. G. 1969. Revision of the tribe Chalepini of America north of Mexico. IV. Genus Sumitrosis Butte (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Journal of the New York Entomological Society 76:12‑30.

Chapuis, F. 1875. in J. T. Lacordaire, Histoire naturelle des insectes. Genera des Coléoptères, Vol. 11, Famille des Phytophages, 420 pp. Encylopédique de Roret; Paris.

Kirby, W. 1837. in J. Richardson, Fauna Boreali‑Americana. Part 4, Insects. 325 pp.

Monrós, F. & M. J. Viana. 1947. Revisión sistemática de los Hispidae Argentinos (Insecta, Coleop. Chrysomeloid.). Anales del Museo Argentino Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia" 42:125-324.

Staines, C. L. 1990. Generic reassignment of Anisostena testacea Pic (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae, Hispinae). Journal of the New York Entomological Society 98:450‑452.

Staines, C. L. 1996(1997). The Hispinae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) of Nicaragua. Revista Nicaragüense de Entomología 37/38:1-65.

Staines, C. L. 2006b. The hispine beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae) of America north of Mexico. VirginiaMuseum of Natural History Special Publication Number 13. 178 pp.

Staines, C. L. 2012. Tribe Chalepini. Catalog of the hispines of the world (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae). http://entomology.si.edu/Collections_Coleoptera.html

 

Key player updated January 2018; content updated April 2014
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