Hispines of the World

 

Sceloenopla Chevrolat 1836: 350

 

Synonomys

 

Cephalodonta Chevrolat 1836: 388 (nomen nudum).

Cephalodonta Chevrolat 1843: 350.

Chalepotatus (Macrochalepus) Pic 1929: 4.

Microdonta Chevrolat 1836: 388, not Hope 1837.

Type Species

 

Hispa maculata Olivier (=Hispa spinipes Fabricius).

Diagnosis

 

Sceloenopla can be distinguished by the following combination of characters:

  • the lateral margins of the pronotum and the elytra lacking long, stiff spines
  • the head lacking a frontal horn
  • the pronotum with a seta in each anterior angle
  • the apex of the elytra lacking a tooth-like projection
  • the elytra being costate with 4 costae
  • the antennae having 11-antennomeres which are not thickened at apex, the apical four antennomeres being longer than the preceding
  • the more or less flattened body
  • the slender legs
  • the sides of the elytra not almost vertical from costa 3

Description

 

Varying in form.

Head: small, slightly convex; medial sulcus present; eye slightly prominent.

Antenna: with 11-antennomeres; apical 4 antennomeres longer than preceding 4; antennomere 3 longest.

Pronotum: trapezoidal, slightly convex; basal impression present; densely punctate; anterior angle prominent, directed forward; posterior angle directed obliquely backwards.

Scutellum: quadrate.

Elytron: lateral margin smooth; apical margin dentate or not; external apical angle may have lamina or tooth; humerus produced; secondary punctures between intervals 2 and 4 absent.

Distribution

 

Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guyana, Guatemala, Guyana, México, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, and Venezuela.

World Fauna

 

Described species: 142 (Staines 2012). Key to species: Uhmann (1937), species groups; Monrós & Viana (1947), Argentina; Staines (1996), Nicaragua; Staines (2002), Central America.

Hosts

 

Persea (Lauraceae); Chrysophyllum (Sapotaceae); Anthurium, Philodendrum (Araceae); Cocos (Arecaceae); Lonchocarpus (Fabaceae); Rapanea (Myrsinaceae); Esembeckia (Rutaceae); Cecropia, Pourouma (Cecropiaceae); Rubiaceae; Cyclanthaceae; Cupania (Sapindaceae); Clusia (Clusiaceae); Davilla (Dilleniaceae); Sterculia (Sterculiaceae).

References

 

Chevrolat, L. A. A. 1836. in P. F. M. A. Dejean, Catalogue des Coléoptères de la collection de M. le comte Dejean. Troisième edition, revue, corrigée et augmentée, livr. 5, pp. 385‑503. Mequignon-Marvis. Paris.

Chevrolat, L. A. A. 1843. in C. D. d'Orbigny, Dictionnaire universal d'histoire naturelle. Vol. 3. C. Renard. Paris. 744 pp.

Monrós, F. & M. J. Viana. 1947. Revisión sistemática de los Hispidae Argentinos (Insecta, Coleop. Chrysomeloid.). Anales del Museo Argentino Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia" 42:125-324.

Pic, M. 1929. Coléoptères de l'Amérique Méridionale. Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina 2:183-184.

Staines, C. L. 1996. The Hispinae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) of Nicaragua. Revista Nicaragüense de Entomología 37/38:1-65.

Staines, C. L. 2002. Nomenclatural notes and new species of Sceloenoplini (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae). Zootaxa 89:1-32.

Staines, C. L. 2012. Tribe Sceloenoplini. Catalog of the hispines of the world (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae). http://entomology.si.edu/Collections_Coleoptera.html

Uhmann, E. 1937. Hispinen-Minen aus Costa Rica. II. Teil. 62. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Hispinen (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). Arbeiten über physiologische und angewandte Entomologie aus Berlin-Dahlem 4:61-66.

 

Key player updated January 2018; content updated April 2014
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