Hispines of the World

 

Prosopodonta Baly 1858: 68

 

Synonomys

 

Cheirispa Baly 1858: 71.

Chirispa Gemminger and Harold 1876: 3604

Type Species

 

Prosopodonta limbata Baly.

Diagnosis

 

Prosopodonta can be distinguished by following combination of characters:

  • the lateral margin of the pronotum and the elytra lacking long, stiff spines
  • the head lacking a frontal horn
  • the pronotum having a seta in each angle
  • the elytra having a short scutellar row of punctures
  • the pronotum not having the anterior angle distinctly rounded
  • the antennae having 11-antennomeres with the apical antennomeres being slightly thickened
  • elytra without costae

Description

 

Head: nearly attenuate, almost cylindrical, egg‑shaped, small; medal sulcus absent; clypeus prolonged into a carina between antennal bases; antenna separated by a sharp keel.

Antenna: with 11-antennomeres, filiform; antennomeres 1 and 2 subequal in length, thick; 3 longest, cylindrical, as long as 1 and 2 combined; 4 to 6 shorter, oblong, decreasing in length; 7 to 11 short, slightly dilated; antennomeres 7 to 11 slightly thickened.

Pronotum: transverse; margined laterally and basally; scattered coarse punctures posteriorly on lateral margin; seta present in posterior angle.

Scutellum: cuspidate (pointed at apex); longer than wide; rounded at apex.

Elytron: oblong; nearly 1/4 wider than pronotum; margined laterally; apex rounded; punctures little impressed, no costae; with 10 rows of punctures plus scutellar row.

Leg: profemur toothed or not.

Distribution

 

Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panamá, Peru, and Venezuela.

World Fauna

 

Described species: 26 (Staines 2012). Key to species: none.

Hosts

 

Costus sp. (Costaceae); Heliconia (Heliconiaceae); Chamaedorea, Cryosophila, Oenocarpus (Arecaceae).

References

 

Baly, J. S. 1858. Catalogue of Hispidae in the collection of the British Museum. London, 172 pp.

Gemminger, M. & B. von Harold. 1876. Catalogus Coleopterum hucusque descriptorum, synonymicus et systematicus. Williams & Norgate, London. Vol. 12: 3479-3822.

Staines, C. L. 2012. Tribe Prosopodontini. Catalog of the hispines of the world (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae). http://entomology.si.edu/Collections_Coleoptera.html

 

Content last updated April 2014
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