Hispines of the World

 

Probaenia Weise 1904b: 447

 

Synonomys

 

None.

Type Species

 

Odontota crenata Blanchard.

Diagnosis

 

Probaenia can be distinguished by the following combination of characters:

  • the lateral margins of the pronotum and the elytra without long, stiff spines
  • the head without a frontal horn, vertex with 3 to 5 sulci
  • the pronotum with a seta in each anterior angle, with a basal impression
  • the apex of the elytra without a tooth-like projection
  • the elytra with 10 rows of punctures for entire length and 4 regular costae, without tubercles, costae 1 and 4 unite near apex
  • the antennae thickened at apex, but not clavate, long, with 8-antennomeres
  • the prosternum does not expand anteriorly to partly cover the mouth
  • profemur with 1 to 3 teeth

Description

 

Body elongate, rectangular.

Head: eye not prominent; clypeus triangular, smooth, edges margined, medial carina present.

Antenna: with 8‑antennomeres.

Pronotum: trapezoidal, at base as wide as or slightly narrower than elytra, strongly narrowed behind anterior margin, conical.

Elytron: apical and lateral margins dentate; flat triangular lamina present in exterior apical angle; with 10 rows of punctures plus scutellar row; 4 costae; costae 3 and 4 united at apex.

Leg: profemur with 1 to 3 teeth on inner margin.

Distribution

 

Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile (?), Colombia, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru.

World Fauna

 

Described species: 44 (Staines 2012). Key: Monrós & Viana 1947, Staines 1996(1997).

Hosts

 

Mikania, Verbesina, Vernonia (Asteraceae); Inga (Fabaceae).

References

 

Monrós, F. & M. J. Viana. 1947. Revisión sistemática de los Hispidae Argentinos (Insecta, Coleop. Chrysomeloid.). Anales del Museo Argentino Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia" 42:125-324.

Staines, C. L. 1996(1997). The Hispinae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) of Nicaragua. Revista Nicaragüense de Entomología 37/38:1-65.

Staines, C. L. 2012. Tribe Chalepini. Catalog of the hispines of the world (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae). http://entomology.si.edu/Collections_Coleoptera.html

Weise, J. 1904b Einige neue Cassidinen und Hispinen. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1904:433-452.

 

Key player updated January 2018; content updated April 2014
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