Hispines of the World

 

Phidodonta Weise 1904a: 404

 

Synonomys

 

Phidodonta Weise (misspelling).

Pleruispella Uhmann 1931g: 159.

Type Species

 

Phidodonta modesta Weise.

Diagnosis

 

Phidodonta can be distinguished by the following combination of characters:

  • lateral margin of pronotum and elytra with long, stiff spines
  • body sparsely setose
  • antennae with 11-antennomeres, antennomere 1 with long spine
  • pronotum with anterior margin without spines, lateral margin with 3 (1+1+1) or 6 spines [(3)+1+1+1]
  • tarsal claws totally fused, pointed

Description

 

Body small; elongate; subparallel; subconvex; color black; total length 2.6 to 5.0 mm.

Head: large; convex; vertex punctate to rugose; eye large, convex.

Antenna: reaches to humerus; thickening apically; with 11-antennomeres; antennomere 1 incrassate, with long spine; 2 to 6 sulcate with scattered setae; 7 to 11 pubescent.

Pronotum: quadrate; lateral margin rounded, with 3 (1+1+1) or 6 spines [(3)+1+1+1]; anterior angle rounded; anterior margin curved forward, without spines; posterior angle acute; posterior margin bisinuate; surface rugose with faint longitudinal medial sulcus.

Scutellum: cordate.

Elytron: lateral margin straight, serrate; exterior apical angle rounded, serrate; apical margin rounded with 4 or 5 large spines; humerus rounded; with 8 irregular rows of punctures; surface glabrous.

Leg: femur stout; mesotibiae curved; tarsal fused, pointed at apex

Distribution

 

Congo, India, Ivory Coast, Mozambique, Pakistan, Rwanda, Zimbabwe.

World Fauna

 

Described species: 3 (Staines 2012). Key: Uhmann 1954h.

Hosts

 

Andropogon, Avena, Oryza, Saccharum, Sorghum (Poaceae).

References

 

Staines, C. L. 2012. Tribe Hispini. Catalog of the hispines of the world (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae). http://entomology.si.edu/Collections_Coleoptera.html

Uhmann, E. 1931g. Die Hispinen des Musée du Congo Belge. 3. Teil. Oncocephalini, Exothispini, Coelaenomenoderini, Gonophorini, Cryptonychini, Hispini ohne die Gattung Hispa. 33. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Hispinen (Col. Chrys.). Revue de Zoologie et Botanique Africaines 21:74‑88, 148-164.

Uhmann, E. 1954h. Coléoptères Chrysomélides Hispinae. 148. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Hispinae (Coleopt. Chrysomelidae). Mémoires de l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire No. 40. La Réserve Naturelle Intégrale du Mont Nimba Fascicule II:175-198.

Weise, J. 1904a Zwei neue Hispiden aus Ostindien. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1904:404.

 

Content last updated April 2014
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